Type IV pili and cell motility.

  title={Type IV pili and cell motility.},
  author={Dennis P Wall and Dale Kaiser},
  journal={Molecular microbiology},
  volume={32 1},
Type IV pili (Tfp) mediate the movement of bacteria over surfaces without the use of flagella. These movements are known as social gliding in Myxococcus xanthus and twitching in organisms such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Tfp are localized polarly. Type IV pilins have a signature N-terminal domain, which forms a coiled-coil with other monomer units to polymerize a pilus fibre. At least 10 more proteins at the base of the fibre are conserved; they are related to the type… CONTINUE READING
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