Type II supernovae as a significant source of interstellar dust

  title={Type II supernovae as a significant source of interstellar dust},
  author={Loretta Dunne and Stephen A. Eales and R. Ivison and Haley Morgan and Michael Edmunds},
Large amounts of dust (>108M[circdot]) have recently been discovered in high-redshift quasars and galaxies corresponding to a time when the Universe was less than one-tenth of its present age. The stellar winds produced by stars in the late stages of their evolution (on the asymptotic giant branch of the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram) are thought to be the main source of dust in galaxies, but they cannot produce that dust on a short enough timescale (<1 Gyr) to explain the results in the high… 
A supernova origin for dust in a high-redshift quasar
Interstellar dust plays a crucial role in the evolution of the Universe by assisting the formation of molecules, by triggering the formation of the first low-mass stars, and by absorbing stellar
Dust formation in very massive primordial supernovae
At redshift z >∼ 5, Type II supernovae (SNeII) are the only known dust sources with evolutionary time-scales shorter than the Hubble time. We extend the model of dust formation in the ejecta of SNeII
Dust and the Type II-Plateau Supernova 2004et
We present mid-infrared (MIR) observations of the Type II-plateau supernova (SN) 2004et, obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope between 64 and 1406 days past explosion. Late-time optical spectra
Cassiopeia A: dust factory revealed via submillimetre polarimetry
If Type II supernovae – the evolutionary end points of short-lived, massive stars – produce a significant quantity of dust (>0.1 M⊙) then they can explain the rest-frame far-infrared emission seen in
Cold Dust in Kepler’s Supernova Remnant
The timescales to replenish dust from the cool winds of asymptotic giant branch stars are believed to be greater than the timescales for dust destruction. In high-redshift galaxies, this problem is
Dust in Supernovae and Supernova Remnants I: Formation Scenarios
Supernovae are considered as prime sources of dust in space. Observations of local supernovae over the past couple of decades have detected the presence of dust in supernova ejecta. The reddening of
Gas, dust and star formation in distant radio galaxies
There is strong evidence that radio galaxies are the progenitors of the brightest cluster ellipticals and are among the most luminous and massive galaxies at any epoch, allowing relatively detailed studies of their formation process out to large distances.
Production of dust by massive stars at high redshift
The large amounts of dust detected in sub-millimeter galaxies and quasars at high redshift pose a challenge to galaxy formation models and theories of cosmic dust formation. At z>6 only stars of
Stellar sources of dust in the high-redshift Universe
With the aim of investigating whether stellar sources can account for the ≥10 8 Mdust masses inferred from mm/sub-mm observations of samples of 5 <z< 6.4 quasars, we develop a chemical evolution
Dust formation and survival in supernova ejecta
The presence of dust at high redshift requires efficient condensation of grains in SN ejecta, in accordance with current theoretical models. Yet, observations of the few well studied SNe and SN


Dust formation in early galaxies
We investigate the sources and amount of dust in early galaxies. We discuss dust nucleation in stellar atmospheres using published extended atmosphere models, stellar evolution tracks and nucleation
Dust Formation in Primordial Type II Supernovae
We have investigated the formation of dust in the ejecta of Type II supernovae (SNe), mostly of primordial composition, to answer the question of where are the first solid particles formed in the
High-redshift star formation in the Hubble Deep Field revealed by a submillimetre-wavelength survey
In the local Universe, most galaxies are dominated by stars, with less than ten per cent of their visible mass in the form of gas. Determining when most of these stars formed is one of the central
Dust in the Tycho, Kepler and Crab supernova remnants
SuperNova Remnants (SNR) have been extensively studied in radio, X-rays and optical, but barely in the InfraRed (IR). From IRAS observations, SNR are known to be IR emitters, but the origin of the
A Census of Metals at High and Low Redshift and the Connection Between Submillimetre Sources and Spheroid Formation
Deep surveys in many wavebands have shown that the rate at which stars were forming was at least a factor of 10 higher at redshifts >1 than today. Heavy elements (‘metals’) are produced by stars, and
A submillimetre survey of the star formation history of radio galaxies
We present the results of the first major systematic submillimetre survey of radio galaxies spanning the redshift range 1 2.5, and the average submillimetre luminosity rises at a rate ∝(1+z)3 out to
The evolution and explosion of massive stars
Like all true stars, massive stars are gravitationally confined thermonuclear reactors whose composition evolves as energy is lost to radiation and neutrinos. Unlike lower-mass stars (M≲8M⊙),
An IRAS survey of Galactic supernova remnants
A new independent survey of the IR emission for 161 Galactic supernova remnants are presented on the basis of Skyflux image data from the Infrared Astronomical Satellite. A new Galactic rotation
Dust formation in the Cassiopeia A supernova.
High angular resolution (6") spectro-imaging obser- vations of Cassiopeia A, the youngest supernova remnant of our galaxy, were performed with ISOCAM, the mid-infrared camera on board of the Infrared
A Deep Submillimeter Survey of Lensing Clusters: A New Window on Galaxy Formation and Evolution
We present the first results of a submillimeter survey of distant clusters using the new Submillimeter Common-User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We have mapped fields