Type II endoleaks.

  title={Type II endoleaks.},
  author={Efthymios D. Avgerinos and Rabih Antoine Chaer and Michel S. Makaroun},
  journal={Journal of vascular surgery},
  volume={60 5},
Type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair are the most common type of endoleak and generate the majority of secondary interventions. Their natural history is mostly benign, but they can occasionally lead to sac expansion and eventual rupture. Three-phase computed tomography angiography is the "gold standard" for diagnosis, but duplex ultrasound with or without contrast enhancement and magnetic resonance angiography offer an alternative for endoleak detection or surveillance. Whereas… CONTINUE READING


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