Type C botulism due to toxic feed affecting 52,000 farmed foxes and minks in Finland.

@article{Lindstrm2004TypeCB,
  title={Type C botulism due to toxic feed affecting 52,000 farmed foxes and minks in Finland.},
  author={Miia Lindstr{\"o}m and Mari Nevas and Joanna Kurki and Raija Sauna-aho and Annikki Latvala-Kiesil{\"a} and I. J. P{\"o}l{\"o}nen and Hannu J Korkeala},
  journal={Journal of clinical microbiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={42 10},
  pages={4718-25}
}
The largest reported outbreak of type C botulism in fur production animals is described. Epidemiological investigation of 117 out of 157 (response rate, 74.5%) farms revealed that 44,130 animals died or were euthanized, while 8,033 animals with milder symptoms recovered. The overall death rate in all animals at risk was 21.7%. The death rates were significantly higher in blue and shadow foxes (24.2 and 27.8%, respectively) than in silver and blue silver foxes and minks (below 4%). All minks had… CONTINUE READING

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