Type A and hardiness

  title={Type A and hardiness},
  author={Suzanne C. Kobasa and Salvatore R. Maddi and Marc A. Zola},
  journal={Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
The study examined the relationship between the Type A behavior pattern and personality hardiness and predicted an interaction between the two that would be influential for illness onset. Type A and hardiness were found to be conceptually different and empirically independent factors. Under high stressful life events, male executives who were high in Type A and low in hardiness tended toward higher general illness scores than any other executives. Type A and hardiness emerge from this study as… CONTINUE READING


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 22 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 24 references

Intrinsic motivation and health

  • S. R. Maddi, S. C. Kobasa
  • 1981

The relationship between perceived challenge and daily symptom reporting in Type A vs . Type B postinfarct subjects

  • R Schlegel, P., J. K. Wellwood, B. E. Copps, W. H. Gruchow, M. T. Sharratt
  • J . Behav . Med .
  • 1980

An alienation test

  • S. R. Maddi, S. C. Kobasa, M. Hoover
  • J . Human . Psychol .
  • 1979

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…