Type A and hardiness

@article{Kobasa1983TypeAA,
  title={Type A and hardiness},
  author={Suzanne C. Kobasa and Salvatore R. Maddi and Marc A. Zola},
  journal={Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
  year={1983},
  volume={6},
  pages={41-51}
}
The study examined the relationship between the Type A behavior pattern and personality hardiness and predicted an interaction between the two that would be influential for illness onset. Type A and hardiness were found to be conceptually different and empirically independent factors. Under high stressful life events, male executives who were high in Type A and low in hardiness tended toward higher general illness scores than any other executives. Type A and hardiness emerge from this study as… CONTINUE READING

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