Type 3 lodothyronine deiodinase: cloning, in vitro expression, and functional analysis of the placental selenoenzyme.

Type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase (D3) catalyzes the conversion of T4 and T3 to inactive metabolites. It is highly expressed in placenta and thus can regulate circulating fetal thyroid hormone concentrations throughout gestation. We have cloned and expressed a 2.1-kb human placental D3 cDNA which encodes a 32-kD protein with a Km of 1.2 nM for 5 deiodination… (More)