Differential healing responses in polymer- and nonpolymer-based sirolimus-eluting stents.
BACKGROUND This study aimed to compare very late vascular response after stent implantation between everolimus-eluting stent (EES) with a thin, non-adhesive, durable, biocompatible fluorinated polymer and biolimus-eluting stent (BES) with a biodegradable polymer by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS AND RESULTS In the NOBORI-BES Versus XIENCE V/PROMUS-EES Trial (NEXT), a formal OCT substudy investigated 48 patients (27 EES-treated lesions in 23 patients and 28 BES-treated lesions in 25 patients) with 2-year (18-30 months) follow-up imaging at 18 centers. The percentage of uncovered strut by neointima was significantly lower in EES compared with BES (2.1±4.7% vs. 7.9±10.8%, p=0.013). The percentage of malapposed strut was not different between EES and BES (0.1±0.3% vs. 0.5±1.3%, p=0.138). The frequency of stent with evagination, which is identified as outward bulges in the luminal contour between struts, was significantly lower in EES compared with BES (22% vs. 86%, p<0.001). The frequency of neoatherosclerosis was not different between EES and BES (11% vs. 11%, p=1.000). CONCLUSIONS At 2 years after stent implantation, uncovered stent strut by neointima and evagination were less frequently observed in EES compared with BES. This OCT study suggests that the very late vascular response is different between EES and BES.