Two-year pilot study of newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia in New South Wales compared with nationwide case surveillance in Australia.

Abstract

AIM To assess the benefits and practicalities of setting up a newborn screening (NBS) program in Australia for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) through a 2 year pilot screening in ACT/NSW and comparing with case surveillance in other states. METHODS The pilot newborn screening occurred between 1/10/95 and 30/9/97 in NSW/ACT. Concurrently, case reporting for all new CAH cases occurred through the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU) across Australia. Details of clinical presentation, re-sampling and laboratory performance were assessed. RESULTS 185,854 newborn infants were screened for CAH in NSW/ACT. Concurrently, 30 cases of CAH were reported to APSU, twelve of which were from NSW/ACT. CAH incidence was 1 in 15 488 (screened population) vs 1 in 18,034 births (unscreened) (difference not significant). Median age of initial notification was day 8 with confirmed diagnosis at 13(5-23) days in the screened population vs 16(7-37) days in the unscreened population (not significant). Of the 5 clinically unsuspected males in the screened population, one had mild salt-wasting by the time of notification, compared with salt-wasting crisis in all 6 males from the unscreened population. 96% of results were reported by day 10. Resampling was requested in 637 (0.4%) and median re-sampling delay was 11(0-28) days with higher resample rates in males (p < 0.0001). The within-laboratory cost per case of clinically unsuspected cases was A$42 717. CONCLUSION There seems good justification for NBS for CAH based on clear prevention of salt-wasting crises and their potential long-term consequences. Also, prospects exist for enhancing screening performance.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2008.01383.x

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Cite this paper

@article{Gleeson2008TwoyearPS, title={Two-year pilot study of newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia in New South Wales compared with nationwide case surveillance in Australia.}, author={Helena K Gleeson and Veronica C. Wiley and Bridget M Wilcken and Elizabeth Jane Elliott and Christopher T Cowell and Michael Thonsett and Geoffrey C Byrne and Geoffrey R. Ambler}, journal={Journal of paediatrics and child health}, year={2008}, volume={44 10}, pages={554-9} }