Two-year inhalation carcinogenesis studies of methyl methacrylate in rats and mice: inflammation and degeneration of nasal epithelium.

Methyl methacrylate (MMA), a liquid monomer, is used as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of plexiglass and other acrylic products and as "bone cement" in orthopedic and dental surgery. Toxicology and carcinogenesis inhalation studies of MMA were conducted because of: (1) widespread human exposure; (2) evidence of mutagenicity; and (3) inadequacy… (More)