Two ways of thinking about fitness and natural selection

  title={Two ways of thinking about fitness and natural selection},
  author={Mohan Matthen and Andr{\'e} Ariew},
  journal={The Journal of Philosophy},
Etude de la relation entre l'adaptation, la selection naturelle, et les autres facteurs explicatifs de la theorie evolutionniste. Rejetant la notion de presentation informelle chez P. Kitcher, l'A. presente un modele causal coherent, inspire de la structure statistique de la genese des populations. 

The Ecological Dimension of Natural Selection

It is argued that the ecological dimension of natural selection should be paid extra attention, because natural selection is not (directly) sensitive to what system of inheritance ensures reoccurrences of organism-environment interactions over generations.

Increasingly Radical Claims about Heredity and Fitness

It is argued that the classical conception of ENS is substantially flawed, showing that heredity is not required for selection, and an alternative is offered involving the interaction of distinct evolutionary mechanisms.

Fitness, Probability and the Principles of Natural Selection

It is argued that a fashionable interpretation of the theory of natural selection as a claim exclusively about populations is mistaken and fails to do justice to the fundamental distinction between drift and selection.


La theorie contemporaine de l’evolution, ou Synthese neodarwinienne, est nee dans les annees 1930 et 1940. Elle repose sur la genetique des populations et fait du phenomene de l’adaptation

Can fitness differences be a cause of evolution

In this paper it is shown that the causalists and statisticalists are—to a large degree—arguing past each other in the debates over the causal status of fitness.

Conditions for Evolution by Natural Selection

Standard verbal formulations of necessary and sufficient conditions for evolution by natural selection require variation, heritability, and differential reproduction. These formulations are ambiguous

Fit and Diversity: Explaining Adaptive Evolution

  • D. Walsh
  • Biology, Psychology
    Philosophy of Science
  • 2003
An alternative view of evolutionary theory is outlined, according to which natural selection explains adaptive evolution by appeal to the statistical structure of populations, and development explains the causes of adaptive evolution at the level of individuals.

The Causal Structure of Evolutionary Theory

ABSTRACT One contentious debate in the philosophy of biology is that between the statisticalists and causalists. The former understand core evolutionary concepts like fitness and selection to be mere

Putting Process and Product Conceptions of Natural Selection and Genetic Drift to the Test

There exist biological cases which can be used to drive apart process and product notions of selection and drift, and hence which could provide evidence useful in determining which of these two classes of definitions is in line with biological practice.

The Trials of Life: Natural Selection and Random Drift*

It is claimed that the dynamical conception of evolutionary theory as a theory of forces is mistaken and only the statistical interpretation preserves the presumed relation between natural selection and drift.