Two viral strains and a possible novel recombinant are responsible for the explosive injecting drug use-associated HIV type 1 epidemic in Estonia.

@article{Zetterberg2004TwoVS,
  title={Two viral strains and a possible novel recombinant are responsible for the explosive injecting drug use-associated HIV type 1 epidemic in Estonia.},
  author={Veera Zetterberg and Valentina Ustina and Kirsi Liitsola and Kai Zilmer and Nelli Kalikova and Ksenia Sevastianova and Henrikki Brummer-Korvenkontio and Pauli Leinikki and Mika O. Salminen},
  journal={AIDS research and human retroviruses},
  year={2004},
  volume={20 11},
  pages={1148-56}
}
HIV-1 infection has been rare in Estonia. In 2000, an explosive epidemic among injecting drug users was detected in the Eastern border region, resulting in 3603 newly reported cases by the end of 2003. The molecular epidemiology of the outbreak was studied to establish whether the Estonian epidemic is linked to the epidemics in Eastern Europe. Over 200 newly infected individuals were prospectively sampled from June 2000 to March 2002 in a geographically representative way, with known dates of… CONTINUE READING

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