Two types of pronouns and variable binding

  title={Two types of pronouns and variable binding},
  author={Tohru Noguchi},
  pages={770 - 797}
  • T. Noguchi
  • Published 1 December 1997
  • Linguistics, Philosophy
  • Language
It is well known that personal pronouns in Japanese such as kare 'he' and kanozyo 'she', unlike their English counterparts, cannot be construed as bound variables in logical form. The purpose of this article is to argue that this cross-linguistic difference is due to the difference in syntactic categories. English personal pronouns are determiners (Postal 1969), exemplifying what will be referred to as D-PRONOUNS , and can be construed as bound variables, whereas Japanese personal pronouns are… 
On the apparent unbindability of overt third-person pronouns in Japanese
Contrary to the widely held view that Japanese overt third-person pronouns such as kare and kanozyo cannot function as bound variables, it has been sporadically reported in the literature that there
Diachrony of Personal Pronouns in Japanese
  • O. Ishiyama
  • Linguistics
    Current Issues in Linguistic Theory
  • 2019
Personal pronouns in Japanese form a heterogeneous category. This book investigates their historical development from a functional perspective. It shows that while nouns give rise to personal
E-Type Anaphora as NP-Deletion
This paper argues that donkey pronouns should be construed as definite articles, followed by an NP sister which has undergone deletion in the phonology. So Every man who owns a donkey beats it is
A morpho-syntactic approach to pronominal binding
In this paper, I propose that the availability of a bound variable reading for pronouns is predictable from their morphological structure of the pronouns. More specifically I argue that
The syntax of pronouns: Evidence from Halkomelem Salish
It is shown that independent pronouns behave like R-expressions in that they are subject toCondition C, and it is concluded thatbinding theory must be sensitive to syntactic categories and, crucially, that regular 'condition B' pronounscannot be analyzed as (intransitive) DPs, contrary to standard assumptions.
So-Called Pronoun-Noun Construction in Japanese : A New Perspective on Nominal Syntax
It is claimed that personal pronouns in Japanese are neither D 0 nor N 0, but rather they sit in Spec position within (a certain extended projection of) the nominal phrase, and that these three types of nominal elements form a single, natural class i.e., Indexical class, and are merged in a designated position within nominal phrases, which is identified as SpecCaseP.
The Expression of Third Person in Older and Contemporary Varieties of English
Contemporary varieties of English display word-initial thacross grammatical forms: definite articles (the), demonstratives (that, this), pronouns (them, they), existential subjects (there), relative
Minimal Pronouns 1 Fake Indexicals as Windows into the Properties of Bound Variable Pronouns
The paper challenges the widely accepted belief that the relation between a bound variable pronoun and its antecedent is not necessarily submitted to locality constraints. It argues that the locality
L1 Transfer in Bound Variable Use of L2 Japanese Demonstrative Pronouns
This study investigates L2 acquisition of bound variable interpretations of Japanese demonstrative pronouns (so-series DPs) by adult L1 English speakers. It is known that overt pronouns cannot take a
Expressive Small Clauses in Japanese
This paper modifies and extends Potts and Roeper’s (2006) analysis of what they call Expressive Small Clauses, simple uses of epithets such as You fool!, to analogous phrases in Japanese, and proposes an account that explains the differences between English and Japanese Expressive small Clauses.


Bound and Referential Pronouns
In this paper, we investigate the behavior of bound pronouns (i.e. pronouns linked to quantificational noun phrases) in English, Chinese and Japanese. It is commonly assumed that these elements obey
Bound Variables and Other Anaphors
This paper argues that bound variable pronouns are restricted to occurrences in syntactic construction with their antecedents, and are fu l l y interpreted at the level of semantics, while pragmatic pronouns need not have l inguist ic antecedent at a l l , and require pragmatics as well as semantics for their interpretation.
Pronouns, Quantifiers, and Relative Clauses (l)
  • G. Evans
  • Linguistics
    Canadian Journal of Philosophy
  • 1977
Some philosophers, notably Professors Quine and Geach, have stressed the analogies they see between pronouns of the vernacular and the bound variables of quantification theory. Geach, indeed, once
In recent years, there has been much discussion on empty categories (ECs) within the framework of Government Binding Theory. It has been suggested that partitioning ECs into different class types
Noun Phrases in Japanese and English: A Study in Syntax, Learnability and Acquisition
In Japanese, the genitive Case marker "no" is inserted after NP and PP prenominal modifiers, but not after relative clauses. Saito (1982) and Fukui (1986), among others, propose a "no"-insertion rule
Anaphora in Japanese: Kare and Zibun
In this paper I will present a preliminary examination of two forms that participate in anaphoric relation in Japanese, i.e., reflexive zibun 'self' and pronominal kare 'he'. As such, the objective
Japanese Phrase Structure and Parameter Setting
The goal of this dissertation is to examine the nature of Japanese phrase structure and related parametric differences in syntax between English and Japanese. In chapter 1, I present some of the
Catalan possessive pronouns: The Avoid Pronoun Principle revisited
This paper proposes that the alternation between possessive and strong pronouns in nominals is parallel to theAlternation betweenpro and strong pronoun in clausal structures.
The Morphological Basis of Anaphora.
Chomsky (1981: 188, 220; 1986a: 166) formulates the Binding Theory essentially as in (1). (1) (A) An anaphor must be locally bound (B) A pronoun must not be locally bound (C) An R-expression must not
In this paper, we show that an adequate theory of grammar must include a level of Logical Form (LF); a post S-structure level of representation that crucially interacts with various syntactic