Two rare case reports of confirmed Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) envenoming in Sri Lanka.

Abstract

The Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) is a deadly venomous elapid snake endemic to Sri Lanka. Its habitat is mainly in the wet zone of the island. Despite its frequent encounters in and near human dwellings, reports of envenoming are rare and limited to four in the literature. The first and last fatal reports envenoming by B. ceylonicus was in 1993. After over two decades, we report two confirmed cases of B. ceylonicus bites-one a dry bite and the other with signs and symptoms of moderate envenoming. The envenoming occurred at night while the victim was asleep, causing tightness in the chest and dyspnoea on waking up, followed by neuromuscular paralysis that did not cause respiratory failure and complete recovery was observed three days following the bite.

DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2017.01.003

Cite this paper

@article{Rathnayaka2017TwoRC, title={Two rare case reports of confirmed Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) envenoming in Sri Lanka.}, author={Rathnayaka Mudiyanselage M K Namal Rathnayaka and Senanayake A. M. Kularatne and K D M Kumarasinghe and K Jeganadan and P E A N Ranathunga}, journal={Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology}, year={2017}, volume={127}, pages={44-48} }