Two-photon excitation fluorescence resonance energy transfer with small organic molecule as energy donor for bioassay.

Abstract

A fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) model using two-photon excitable small organic molecule DMAHAS as energy donor has been constructed and tried in an assay for avidin. In the FRET model, biotin was conjugated to the FRET donor, and avidin was labeled with a dark quencher DABS-Cl. Binding of DABS-Cl labeled avidin to biotinylated DMAHAS resulted in the quenching of fluorescence emission of the donor, based on which a competitive assay for free avidin was established. With using such donors that are excited in IR region, it is capable of overcoming some primary shortcomings of conventional one-photon FRET methods, especially in bioassays, such as the interference from background fluorescence or scattering light, the coexcitation of the energy acceptor with the donor. And such small molecules also show advantages over inorganic up-converting particles that also give anti-Stokes photoluminescence and have been applied as FRET donor recently. The results of this work suggest that two-photon excitable small molecules could be a promising energy donor for FRET-based bioassays.

DOI: 10.1021/bc700369q

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Cite this paper

@article{Liu2008TwophotonEF, title={Two-photon excitation fluorescence resonance energy transfer with small organic molecule as energy donor for bioassay.}, author={Lingzhi Liu and Genghui Wei and Zhihong Liu and Zhike He and Si Xiao and Ququan Wang}, journal={Bioconjugate chemistry}, year={2008}, volume={19 2}, pages={574-9} }