Two millennia of tropical cyclone‐induced mud layers in a northern Yucatán stalagmite: Multiple overlapping climatic hazards during the Maya Terminal Classic “megadroughts”

@article{Frappier2014TwoMO,
  title={Two millennia of tropical cyclone‐induced mud layers in a northern Yucat{\'a}n stalagmite: Multiple overlapping climatic hazards during the Maya Terminal Classic “megadroughts”},
  author={Amy Benoit Frappier and James Pyburn and Aurora D. Pinkey-Drobnis and Xianfeng Wang and D. Reide Corbett and Bruce H. Dahlin},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
  year={2014},
  volume={41},
  pages={5148 - 5157}
}
An annually laminated stalagmite from the northern Yucatán Peninsula contains mud layers from 256 cave flooding events over 2240 years. This new conservative proxy for paleotempestology recorded cave flooding events with a recurrence interval of 8.3 years during the twentieth century, with the greatest frequency during the twentieth century and the least frequent during the seventeenth century. Tropical cyclone (TC) events are unlikely to flood the cave during drought when the water table is… 

Evidence for Decreased Precipitation Variability in the Yucatán Peninsula During the Mid‐Holocene

The Yucatán Peninsula (YP) has a complex hydroclimate with many proposed drivers of interannual and longer‐term variability, ranging from coupled ocean–atmosphere processes to frequency of tropical

US Gulf Coast tropical cyclone precipitation influenced by volcanism and the North Atlantic subtropical high

Understanding the response of tropical cyclone precipitation to ongoing climate change is essential to determine associated flood risk. However, instrumental records are short-term and fail to

Deciphering key processes controlling rainfall isotopic variability during extreme tropical cyclones

TLDR
The isotopic evolution of a tropical cyclone is studied in detail which helps disentangle the key processes governing rainfall isotope variability in the region.

Guatemala paleoseismicity: from Late Classic Maya collapse to recent fault creep

TLDR
It is shown that soils formed between 1665 and 1813 CE were displaced by the Polochic fault during a long period of seismic quiescence, from 1450 to 1976 CE, which may have contributed to the piecemeal collapse of the Classic Maya civilization in this wet, mountainous southern part of the Maya realm.

On the Interpretation of Natural Archives of Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity

Sediment records recovered from coastal lagoons and submerged sinkholes across the hurricane belt of the North Atlantic can provide high‐resolution archives of the passage of tropical cyclones

Impacts of Climate Change on the Collapse of Lowland Maya Civilization

Paleoclimatologists have discovered abundant evidence that droughts coincided with collapse of the Lowland Classic Maya civilization, and some argue that climate change contributed to societal

The perfect storm: climate change and ancient Maya response in the Puuc Hills region of Yucatán

Abstract Climatic fluctuation is often cited as a major factor in the collapse of Maya civilisation during the Terminal Classic Period (e.g. Luzzadder-Beach et al. 2016). Evidence of how people dealt

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 78 REFERENCES

A 7000 year record of paleohurricane activity from a coastal wetland in Belize

Sedimentary paleotempestological studies have documented that tropical cyclone activity levels in the North Atlantic have been characterized by significant fluctuations since at least the mid

Australian tropical cyclone activity lower than at any time over the past 550–1,500 years

TLDR
It is shown, on the basis of a new tropical cyclone activity index (CAI), that the present low levels of storm activity on the mid west and northeast coasts of Australia are unprecedented over the past 550 to 1,500 years.

Masking of interannual climate proxy signals by residual tropical cyclone rainwater: Evidence and challenges for low‐latitude speleothem paleoclimatology

The anomalously low oxygen isotope ratio (δ18O values) of tropical cyclone rainfall can transfer proxy information about past tropical cyclone activity to stalagmite oxygen isotope records.

Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Related to Modest Reduction in Precipitation

TLDR
It is concluded that the droughts occurring during the disintegration of the Maya civilization represented up to a 40% reduction in annual precipitation, probably due to a reduction in summer season tropical storm frequency and intensity.

Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon

TLDR
Comparison of the sediment record with palaeo-climate records indicates that this variability was probably modulated by atmospheric dynamics associated with variations in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the strength of the West African monsoon, and suggests that sea surface temperatures as high as at present are not necessary to support intervals of frequent intense hurricanes.

Solar Forcing of Drought Frequency in the Maya Lowlands

TLDR
It is concluded that a significant component of century-scale variability in Yucatan droughts is explained by solar forcing, and some of the maxima in the 208-year drought cycle correspond with discontinuities in Maya cultural evolution, suggesting that the Maya were affected by these bicentennial oscillations in precipitation.

Climatic controls on hurricane patterns: a 1200-y near-annual record from Lighthouse Reef, Belize

TLDR
Sedimentary proxy records from the Blue Hole of Lighthouse Reef, Belize demonstrate that shifts between active and inactive TC regimes have occurred contemporaneously with shifts hemispheric-scale oceanic and atmospheric circulation patterns such as MDR SSTs and NAO mode, rather than with changes in local climate phenomena as has previously been suggested.
...