Two consecutive zinc fingers in Sp1 and in MAZ are essential for interactions with cis-elements.

Abstract

The zinc finger proteins Sp1 and Myc-associated zinc finger protein (MAZ) are transcription factors that control the expression of various genes. Regulation of transcription by these factors is based on interactions between GC-rich DNA-binding sites (GGGCGG for Sp1 and GGGAGGG for MAZ) and the carboxyl-terminal zinc finger motifs of the two proteins. Sp1 and MAZ have three and six zinc fingers, respectively, and the details of their interactions with cis-elements remain to be clarified. We demonstrate here that Sp1 and MAZ interact with the same GC-rich DNA-binding sites, apparently sharing DNA-binding sites with each other. We found that the DNA binding activities of Sp1 and MAZ depended mainly on consecutive zinc fingers, namely the second and third zinc fingers in Sp1 and the third and fourth zinc fingers in MAZ. Furthermore, the interactions of the zinc finger proteins with the same cis-elements appear to play a critical role in the regulation of gene expression. It seems plausible that two consecutive zinc finger motifs in a zinc finger protein might be essential for interaction of the protein with DNA.

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@article{Song2001TwoCZ, title={Two consecutive zinc fingers in Sp1 and in MAZ are essential for interactions with cis-elements.}, author={Junmin Song and Hideyo Ugai and Kanako Ogawa and Y Wang and Akinori Sarai and Yuuki Obata and Ippei Kanazawa and Kyung Sun and Keiichi Itakura and K Yokoyama}, journal={The Journal of biological chemistry}, year={2001}, volume={276 32}, pages={30429-34} }