Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

@article{Malaspinas2014TwoAH,
  title={Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil},
  author={Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas and Oscar Lao and Hannes Schroeder and Morten H. Rasmussen and Maanasa Raghavan and Ida Moltke and Paula F. Campos and Francisca Santana Sagredo and Simon Rasmussen and Vanessa F Gonçalves and Anders Albrechtsen and Morten E Allentoft and Philip L. F. Johnson and Mingkun Li and S{\'i}lvia Regina de Almeida Reis and Danilo Vicensotto Bernardo and Michael DeGiorgio and Ana T. Duggan and Murilo Q R Bastos and Yong Wang and Jesper T. Stenderup and Jos{\'e} V{\'i}ctor Moreno-Mayar and S\oren Brunak and Thomas Sicheritz-Pont{\'e}n and Emily Hodges and Gregory J Hannon and Ludovic Orlando and T. Douglas Price and Jeffrey D Jensen and Rasmus Nielsen and Jan Heinemeier and Jesper V. Olsen and Cl{\'a}udia Rodrigues-Carvalho and Marta Miraz{\'o}n Lahr and Walter Alves Neves and Manfred Kayser and Thomas Higham and M. Stoneking and S{\'e}rgio D. J. Pena and Eske Willerslev},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2014},
  volume={24},
  pages={R1035-R1037}
}
Understanding the peopling of the Americas remains an important and challenging question. Here, we present (14)C dates, and morphological, isotopic and genomic sequence data from two human skulls from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, part of one of the indigenous groups known as 'Botocudos'. We find that their genomic ancestry is Polynesian, with no detectable Native American component. Radiocarbon analysis of the skulls shows that the individuals had died prior to the beginning of the 19th… CONTINUE READING

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Ancient DNA and human history.

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