Two-Variable First Order Logic with Counting Quantifiers: Complexity Results

  title={Two-Variable First Order Logic with Counting Quantifiers: Complexity Results},
  author={Kamal Lodaya and A. V. Sreejith},
  booktitle={International Conference on Developments in Language Theory},
Etessami et al. [5] showed that satisfiability of two-variable first order logic \(\mathrm {FO}^2\)[<] on word models is Nexptime-complete. We extend this upper bound to the slightly stronger logic \(\mathrm {FO}^2\)[\(<,succ ,\equiv \)], which allows checking whether a word position is congruent to r modulo q, for some divisor q and remainder r. If we allow the more powerful modulo counting quantifiers of Straubing, Therien et al. [22] (we call this two-variable fragment FOmod \(^2\)[\(<,succ… 

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