Two-Stage Indicators to Assess Learning Curves for Minimally Invasive Ivor Lewis Esophagectomy.


Background Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) Ivor Lewis has been increasingly performed over the last two decades. To guide the implementation of this technically demanding procedure, a comprehensive assessment of MIE-Ivor Lewis learning curves should include both the general competence to accomplish the procedure and the ability to generate… (More)