Two Japanese Wildcats, the Tsushima Cat and the Iriomote Cat, Show the Same Mitochondrial DNA Lineage as the Leopard Cat Felis bengalensis

  title={Two Japanese Wildcats, the Tsushima Cat and the Iriomote Cat, Show the Same Mitochondrial DNA Lineage as the Leopard Cat Felis bengalensis},
  author={Ryuichi Masuda and Michihiro C. Yoshida},
  booktitle={Zoological science},
Abstract We previously revealed, based on mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis, that the Iriomote cat is very closely related to the leopard cat Felis bengalensis, which is widespread in Asia [24]. In this study, in order to understand the phylogenetic status of the Tsushima cat which is the other wildcat in Japan, partial sequences (402 bases) of the mitochondrial cytochrome b region were determined and compared with those of the Iriomote cat and other feline species. The phylogenetic tree of… 

Phylogeny and Evolutionary Origin of the Iriomote Cat and the Tsushima Cat, based on DNA Analysis

Molecular phylongeny of the two wildcats in Japan revealed that both the wildcats are very closely related to the leopard cat Felis bengalensis, which is widespread throughout Asia, and from the DNA data, the Iriomote cat and the Tsushima cat were estimated to have diverged from the continental le Leopard cat approximately 200, 000 and 100, 000 years before present, respectively.

The Tsushima leopard cat exhibits extremely low genetic diversity compared with the Korean Amur leopard cat: Implications for conservation

The genetic diversity of the Tsushima leopard cat is extremely low compared with that of the continental regional population and the Japanese captive population for ex situ conservation was derived from a founding population with extremely low genetic diversity.

Molecular Diversity and Phylogeography of the Asian Leopard Cat, Felis bengalensis, Inferred from Mitochondrial and Y-Chromosomal DNA Sequences

The results indicate that the diversity of southern populations is higher and that genetic differentiation among northern local populations reflects past geographical isolation.

Clues to the cause of the Tsushima leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis euptilura) decline from isotopic measurements in three species of Carnivora

Temporal changes in the food habits of the cat and two other species of Carnivora inhabiting the Tsushima Islands are investigated by measuring δ13C and δ15N values in hair samples, which suggested that the trophic level of the food sources has been decreasing over the last several decades for theCat and weasel, but not for the marten.

Genetic Structure and Phylogeography of the Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Inferred from Mitochondrial Genomes

A revision of the Prionailurus bengalensis subspecific taxonomy is cautiously recommended, namely, a reduction to 4 subspecies (2 mainland and 2 Sundaic forms).

Genetic Diversity and Genetic Structure of the Wild Tsushima Leopard Cat from Genome-Wide Analysis

Genotyping by random amplicon sequencing-direct (GRAS-Di) was used to develop a draft genome and explore single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers) that can provide useful information about the life of the Tsushima leopard cat and the pairings and for the introduction of founders to conserve genetic diversity with ex situ conservation.

Historical Relationships among Wild Boar Populations of the Ryukyu Archipelago and Other Eurasian regions, as Inferred from Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene Sequences

Bayesian phylogenetic analyses supported monophyly of the five Ryukyu populations (posterior probability value of 92), confirming the validity of the subspecies as a natural group, and strongly suggest that the ancestral form of the RyuKYu wild boar first entered the RyukyU Archipelago by natural dispersal prior to the arrival of prehistoric humans.

Sympatric Asian felid phylogeography reveals a major Indochinese–Sundaic divergence

Results illuminate unexpected, deep vicariance events in Southeast Asian felids and provide compelling evidence of species‐level distinction between the Indochinese and Sundaic populations in the leopard cat and marbled cat.

Forensically informative nucleotide sequencing (FINS) for species and subspecies of genus Prionailurus (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) through mitochondrial genes (12SrRNA and cytochrome b) by using old taxidermy samples

  • A. Bahuguna
  • Biology
    Mitochondrial DNA. Part B, Resources
  • 2018
The study done by using DNAsp v5, MEGA 6.0, and Network 5.0 proved that both gene markers are useful for differentiating the species and subspecies of Prionailurus.



Phylogenetic relationship between the Iriomote cat and the leopard cat, Felis bengalensis, based on the ribosomal DNA.

It appears that, even though migration of the Iriomote cat occurred relatively recently, the population has diverged to some extent from its continental counterpart, perhaps via fixation of preexistent intraspecific variations rather than by generation of new variations.

Molecular phylogenetic status of the iriomote cat Felis iriomotensis, inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis.

The results suggest that the geographic barrier has led the fixation of some unique morphological characters into the Iriomote cat population while both the Iris iriomotensis and the leopard cat still retain very close genetic characters.

A new genus and species of cat from Iriomote, Ryukyu Islands

The skin and a nearly complete skeleton of an adult male, the skull of another adult of unknown sex, and an immature skull were collected by Yukio Togawa during his second expedition to the island in June and July, 1965 and seem to establish a new genus and species as follows.

A molecular phylogeny of the family Mustelidae (Mammalia, Carnivora), based on comparison of mitochondrial cytochrome b nucleotide sequences.

The molecular phylogenetic tree indicated a clear separation of five genera: Mustela and Martes from the subfamily Mustelinae, Lutra and Enhydra from thesubfamily Lutrinae, and Meles fromThe subfamily Melinae.

Nucleotide sequence variation of cytochrome b genes in three species of weasels Mustela itatsi, Mustela sibirica, and Mustela nivalis, detected by improved PCR product-direct sequencing technique

Using the improved techniques, the cytochrome b sequence analysis with the present improved methods provides a new clue for the development of the phylogenetic study of closely related mammalian species.

Monophyletic origin of Lake Victoria cichlid fishes suggested by mitochondrial DNA sequences

This work sequenced up to 803 base pairs of mitochondrial DNA from 14 representative Victorian species and 23 additional African species to study the 'flock' of cichlid fishes in Lake Victoria.

Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: amplification and sequencing with conserved primers.

The polymerase chain reaction is used to amplify homologous segments of mtDNA from more than 100 animal species, including mammals, birds, amphibians, fishes, and some invertebrates, and the unexpectedly wide taxonomic utility of these primers offers opportunities for phylogenetic and population research.

Banded chromosome study of the Iriomote cat.

The G-banded karyotype of the Iriomote cat, Felis iriomotensis, was found to be indistinguishable from that of F. bengalensis, F. viverrinus, and F. concolor. The karyotype of these four cats is,

Zur Taxonomie der Amurkatze (Felis bengalensis euptilura)

Amur cat and tropical leopard cat both have a chromosomal complement of 38 chromosomes, including 34 (sub)metacentrics and four acrocentrics, but this enzyme is variable in wild cat (Felis s. silvestris), rendering its taxonomic use doubtful.

The history of straits around the Japanese islands

The problem of the maximum depth to which the sea level dropped during the last glaciation is even more difficult and obscure than that of high sea levels. Some evaluations have been proposed, based