Two Forms of the Straw Man

  title={Two Forms of the Straw Man},
  author={Robert B. Talisse and Scott F Aikin},
The authors identify and offer an analysis of a new form of the Straw Man fallacy, and then explore the implications of the prevalence of this fallacy for contemporary political discourse. 
Straw Men, Weak Men, and Hollow Men
Three forms of the straw man fallacy are posed: the straw, weak, and hollow man. Additionally, there can be non-fallacious cases of any of these species of straw man arguments.
Tackling democracy's homemade problems
The rise of right-wing populism in Europe and the United States – from the National Rally (formerly ‘National Front’) in France, the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) in Britain, the Alterna...
Don’t Feed the Trolls: Straw Men and Iron Men
Typically, philosophers consider the straw man a fallacy of relevance, inasmuch as one attacks a distorted, and hence irrelevant, version of an opponent’s argument. As some of recent work has shown,
Straw Men, Iron Men, and Argumentative Virtue
The straw man fallacy consists in inappropriately constructing or selecting weak (or comparatively weaker) versions of the opposition’s arguments. We will survey the three forms of straw men
Towards a Critique-Friendly Approach to the Straw Man Fallacy Evaluation
In this article I address the following question: When are reformulations in argumentative criticisms reasonable and when do they become fallacious straw men? Following ideas developed in the
New Trouble For Deliberative Democracy
In the past two decades, democratic political practice has taken a deliberative turn. That is, contemporary democratic politics has become increasingly focused on facilitating citizen participation
Argumentation and Fallacy in newspaper op/ed coverage of the prelude to the invasion of Iraq
This study examines how the pre-war debate of the U.S. decision to invade Iraq was discursively constructed in pro- and anti-war newspaper op/ed argumenta- tion. Drawing on insights from
The Pragmatics of Negation: Negative meanings, uses and discursive functions
Negation is one of the most discussed phenomena within linguistics, on all language levels though it never seems to be exhausted. This operator establishes complex sentence structures and constantl
The persuasiveness of the straw man rhetorical technique
The straw man technique takes place when an opponent's argument or position is distorted or oversimplified so that it can easily be refuted. Two experiments assessed the technique's effectiveness.
Polylogical fallacies: Are there any?
Dialectical fallacies are typically defined as breaches of the rules of a regulated discussion between two participants (di-logue). What if discussions become more complex and involve multiple


On Liberty and Other Essays
"On Liberty" "Utilitarianiam" "Cosiderations on Representative Government" "The Subjection of Women".
Deliberation Day
party families tend toward the nationalization of support. After the description of the broad trends, the author explores the causal patterns both from a dynamic and a comparative perspective. From a
Argumentation, Communication, and Fallacies: A Pragma-dialectical Perspective
Contents: Part I:Argumentation and Communication. The Pragma-Dialectical Approach. Standpoints and Differences of Opinion. Argumentation as a Complex Speech Act. Speech Acts in a Critical Discussion.
What Americans Know about Politics and Why It Matters
This book is the most comprehensive analysis ever written about the American public's factual knowledge of politics. Drawing on extensive survey data, including much that is original, two experts in
A practical study of argument
1. What Is an Argument? (And What Is Not?). 2. Pinning Down Argument Structure. 3. Looking at Language. 4. When Is an Argument a Good One? 5. Premises: What to Accept and Why. 6. Working on
Informal Logic: A Handbook for Critical Argumentation
This chapter discusses natural language argumentation as reasoned dialogue, which aims to clarify the role of emotion, bias, and fallacies in argumentation.
Reflective Thinking
In the pre-computer era, the focus was on processes for the implementation of calculations that were determinate i.e. the processes had unique solutions. Calculations are now dominantly implemented
Voter ignorance and the democratic ideal
  • I. Somin
  • Economics, Political Science
  • 1998
Abstract If voters do not understand the programs of rival candidates or their likely consequences, they cannot rationally exercise control over government. An ignorant electorate cannot achieve true
Plausible argument in everyday conversation
This book presents a number of themes which are already familiar from Douglas Walton's writings-the centrality of dialogue analysis in understanding and evaluating arguments, types of dialogue and
The Straw Man Fallacy