Two Concepts of Liberalism

  title={Two Concepts of Liberalism},
  author={William A. Galston},
  pages={516 - 534}
This essay was sparked in part by my long-standing interest in the case of Wisconsin v. Yoder, decided two decades ago.' This case presented a clash between a Wisconsin state law, which required school attendance until age sixteen, and the Old Order Amish community, which claimed that high school attendance was contrary to their religion and would impede them in the constitutionally guaranteed free exercise thereof. The majority of the Court argued that, as a general matter, free exercise must… 

Two Models of Pluralism and Tolerance

  • W. Kymlicka
  • Philosophy, Sociology
    The Palgrave Handbook of Toleration
  • 2021
Abstract In his most recent work, John Rawls argues that political theory must recognize and accomodate the ‘fact of pluralism’, including the fact of religious diversity. He believes that the

“The Foundations of Freedom and Civilization”: The Durham Report, Municipal Institutions and Liberalism

Abstract Lord Durham was sent to Canada to investigate the causes of the Rebellions of 1837–1838 and to propose constitutional reforms to restore stability in the province. In his report, presented

'His Garden a Wilderness' - The Balance between Equality and Freedom of Religion in Australia and Canada

This paper analyzes Australian and Canadian approaches to rights conflict focusing on challenges between freedom of religion and equality in public life. The first section involves an historical and

Peace and Liberal Misrecognition: Non-liberal Peace Initiatives in Israel-Palestine

  • Erica Weiss
  • Political Science
    The American Sociologist
  • 2022
In this article, I consider the way the as yet unrealized peace between Israelis and Palestinians has been conceptualized by Western scholarship and also by the elite Israeli peace camp. Their

Science as Public Reason and the Controversiality Objection

We all agree that democratic decision-making requires a factual input, and most of us assume that when the pertinent facts are not in plain view they should be furnished by well-functioning

Rejecting “Controversial” Issues in Education: A Case Study of Ultra-Orthodox Jewish Schools in Belgium

In liberal democracies, fundamental rights and freedoms can conflict, and if they do, it is not always clear which right the state should prioritize. Should the right of parents to choose education

The illiberalism of liberalism: schools and fundamental controversial values

  • Carol Vincent
  • Sociology
    Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
  • 2020
ABSTRACT This paper analyses the recent protests by mainly Muslim parents against the use of LGBTQ+-friendly story books in a primary school in Birmingham, England, the associated court case, and the

Resistant exit

Several recent works in political theory argue that exit, rather than being a coward’s choice, is a potent mode of resistance that is particularly well suited to the current political era. These

Science as Public Reason: A Restatement

According to John Rawls, the methods and conclusions of science—when these are non-controversial—constitute public reasons. However, several objections have been raised against this view. This paper

Enabling Exit: Religious Association and Membership Contract

This paper investigates the right of exit from religious associations. The liberal state has a compelling interest in overseeing exit, even if it implies some loss in religious group autonomy.