Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution

@article{Gollin2021TwoBO,
  title={Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution},
  author={Douglas Gollin and Casper Worm Hansen and Asger Mose Wingender},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={2021},
  volume={129},
  pages={2344 - 2384}
}
We estimate the impact of the Green Revolution in the developing world by exploiting exogenous heterogeneity in the timing and extent of the benefits derived from high-yielding crop varieties (HYVs). We find that HYVs increased yields by 44% between 1965 and 2010, with further gains coming through reallocation of inputs. Higher yields increased income and reduced population growth. A 10-year delay of the Green Revolution would in 2010 have cost 17% of GDP (gross domestic product) per capita and… 
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