Two‐dimensional maps of the cerebral cortex

@article{vanEssen1980TwodimensionalMO,
  title={Two‐dimensional maps of the cerebral cortex},
  author={D C van Essen and John H.R. Maunsell},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Neurology},
  year={1980},
  volume={191}
}
A procedure is described for constructing two‐dimensional, unfolded representations of the cerebral cortex. The technique is based on information contained in outlines of histological sections, and it allows an entire hemisphere to be represented on a single cortical map. Maps for different hemispheres from individuals of the same species are similar in size, shape, and organization, and their configuration is largely independent of the plane of sectioning used for reconstruction. Many types of… 
Computerized Mappings of the Cerebral Cortex: A Multiresolution Flattening Method and a Surface-Based Coordinate System
TLDR
A surface-based coordinate system that has advantages over conventional stereotaxic coordinates and is relevant to studies of cortical organization in humans as well as non-human primates is introduced.
Structural and Functional Analyses of Human Cerebral Cortex Using a Surface-Based Atlas
TLDR
The analysis supports a distinction between an anterior region in ventral occipito-temporal cortex that is selectively involved in form processing and a more posterior region (in or near areas VP and V4v) involved in both form and color processing.
Brainprints: Computer-Generated Two-Dimensional Maps of the Human Cerebral Cortex in vivo
TLDR
An in vivo method for the quantitative analysis of human necrotical anatomy is described and potential applications for the study of brain organization in relation to cognitive, motor, and perceptual performance in normal and neurological populations are considered.
A myelo-architectonic method for the structural classification of cortical areas
We describe an automatic and reproducible method to analyze the histological design of the cerebral cortex as applied to brain sections stained to reveal myelinated fibers. The technique provides an
Surface‐Based Atlases of Cerebellar Cortex in the Human, Macaque, and Mouse
TLDR
These surface reconstructions and associated flat maps that represent the highly convoluted shape of cerebellar cortex in three species: human, macaque, and mouse were based on high‐resolution structural MRI data obtained from other laboratories.
Flattening the cerebral cortex by computer
  • H. Sherk
  • Medicine, Geology
    Journal of Neuroscience Methods
  • 1992
TLDR
A computer program was developed for unfolding the cerebral cortex so that it could be viewed as a 2-dimensional surface, and has been used to generate 37 flattened maps from various regions of cat cortex, and 1 from monkey cortex.
Surface-Based Analyses of the Human Cerebral Cortex
TLDR
It is important not only to continue improving the accuracy of surface reconstructions but also to refine the methods for assessing uncertainties and regional biases in surface area measurements.
A Population-Average, Landmark- and Surface-based (PALS) atlas of human cerebral cortex.
TLDR
A new electronic atlas of human cerebral cortex that provides a substrate for a wide variety of brain-mapping analyses and is registered to other surface-based atlased to facilitate interchange of data and comparison across atlases is described.
A Population-Average, Landmark- and Surface-based (PALS) atlas of human cerebral cortex
TLDR
A new electronic atlas of human cerebral cortex that provides a substrate for a wide variety of brain-mapping analyses and a population-average surface representation that circumvents the biases inherent in choosing any single hemisphere as a target is described.
Anatomical segmentation of the human medial prefrontal cortex
TLDR
This analysis showed that cingulate and superior rostral were the sulci most consistently related to mPFC areal boundaries, and sulci patterns in the 11 hemispheres were found, which allowed us to delineate the mFPC areas in them.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
The representation of the visual field on the cerebral cortex in monkeys
TLDR
On the basis of his extensive and elegant anatomical investigations on the visual cortex, Poliak (1932) suggested that a mathematical projection of the retina on the cerebral cortex must exist and this work has made such a surface, folded it and compared it with the calcarine cortex of the monkey.
Retinotopic organization of areas 18 and 19 in the cat
TLDR
The location and retinotopic organization of areas 18 and 19 in cat cortex were determined using electrophysiological mapping techniques and an unusual asymmetry was found between the representations of the upper and lower visual quadrants not seen before in maps of other areas of cat or other species.
The topographic organization of rhesus monkey prestriate cortex.
TLDR
A distinct, topographically organized visual area, named V3A, was found in the region between areas V3 and V4 in the lunate and parieto‐occipital sulci, which supports the notion of a functional division of labour within the prestriate cortex.
The retinotopic organization of lateral suprasylvian visual areas in the cat
TLDR
This paper describes the somewhat more complex organization of the visual cortex lying on the banks of the middle and posterior suprasylvian sulci, which consists of six retinotopically organized units.
The retinotopic organization of area 17 (striate cortex) in the cat
TLDR
A single representation of the cat's entire visual field corresponds closely to the cytoarchitectonically defined area 17, which is related to the locations of the corresponding recording sites in the cortex.
Laminar and columnar distribution of geniculo‐cortical fibers in the macaque monkey
TLDR
The laminar distribution of axon terminals in the cortex is correlated with functional differences between layers, and the IVth‐layer mosaic anatomically is demonstrated.
Visual areas of the mammalian cerebral cortex.
The cerebral neocortex is an especially intriguing part of the nervous sys­ tem, partly because of its involvement in complex perceptual and cognitive functions, and partly because its relatively
Computational Morphology: Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics for Electron Microscopy
  • M. Shantz, G. McCann
  • Computer Science, Medicine
    IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
  • 1978
This paper describes a method for the computer reconstruction of surfaces from a sequence of electron micrographs, and a data structuring approach to the problem of representing and analyzing objects
Intracortical connectivity of architectonic fields in the somatic sensory, motor and parietal cortex of monkeys
TLDR
Anterograde and retrograde transport methods were used to study the corticocortical connectivity of areas 3a, 3b, 1, 2, 5, 4 and 6 of the monkey cerebral cortex, finding possible multiple representations of the body surface in the component fields of the first somatic sensory area (SI).
Representation of the cochlear partition of the superior temporal plane of the macaque monkey.
TLDR
The distribution of best frequencies of neurons and neuron clusters was mapped on the superior temporal plane of the macaque monkey, finding neurons with very similar best frequencies are arrayed both vertically and horizontally.
...
1
2
3
...