Twenty-year follow-up of patients with permanently bonded mandibular canine-to-canine retainers.

  title={Twenty-year follow-up of patients with permanently bonded mandibular canine-to-canine retainers.},
  author={Frederick A Booth and Justin M Edelman and William R. Proffit},
  journal={American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics},
  volume={133 1},
INTRODUCTION Many orthodontists believe permanent retention is the only way to maintain ideal tooth alignment after treatment. Fixed bonded retainers are now routinely left in place for many years, even decades. The purpose of this study was to examine the health effects and effectiveness of very long-term retention. METHODS Sixty patients who had had bonded canine-to-canine retainers placed a minimum of 20 years previously were recalled. RESULTS Forty-five still had the retainers still in… CONTINUE READING


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