Twenty-year cohort study of health gain from orthodontic treatment: temporomandibular disorders.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a common condition. Studies of TMD in relation to orthodontic treatment did not show an association, but longitudinal studies from adolescence to adulthood are lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between orthodontic treatment and TMD with a longitudinal study design. METHODS… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2008.10.017

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Cite this paper

@article{Macfarlane2009TwentyyearCS, title={Twenty-year cohort study of health gain from orthodontic treatment: temporomandibular disorders.}, author={Tatiana Victorovna Macfarlane and Pamela M. Kenealy and Hugh Kingdon and Bengt Olof Mohlin and J Richard Pilley and Steve Richmond and William C. Shaw}, journal={American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics}, year={2009}, volume={135 6}, pages={692.e1-8; discussion 692-3} }