Twenty-four-hour urinary trace element excretion: reference intervals and interpretive issues.

@article{Sieniawska2012TwentyfourhourUT,
  title={Twenty-four-hour urinary trace element excretion: reference intervals and interpretive issues.},
  author={Christine E. Sieniawska and Lynne C Jung and Rasaq Olufadi and V. Ashley Walker},
  journal={Annals of clinical biochemistry},
  year={2012},
  volume={49 Pt 4},
  pages={
          341-51
        }
}
BACKGROUND Introduction of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) into clinical laboratories has led to an increasing application of analyses to risk assessment for toxicity from environmental exposure to trace elements, and in occupational monitoring. Interpretation of results from random urine samples may be problematic and measurement of excretion over 24 h is sometimes preferable. Recent reference data are sparse. METHODS Twenty-four-hour urine samples from 111 healthy… CONTINUE READING
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