Twentieth century sea level: an enigma.

  title={Twentieth century sea level: an enigma.},
  author={Walter H. Munk},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={99 10},
  • Walter H. Munk
  • Published 2002 in
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
Changes in sea level (relative to the moving crust) are associated with changes in ocean volume (mostly thermal expansion) and in ocean mass (melting and continental storage): zeta(t) = zeta(steric)(t) + zeta(eustatic)(t). Recent compilations of global ocean temperatures by Levitus and coworkers are in accord with coupled ocean/atmosphere modeling of greenhouse warming; they yield an increase in 20th century ocean heat content by 2 x 10(23) J (compared to 0.1 x 10(23) J of atmospheric storage… CONTINUE READING
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