Twentieth anniversary of Homo antecessor (1997‐2017): a review

  title={Twentieth anniversary of Homo antecessor (1997‐2017): a review},
  author={Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro and Mar{\'i}a Martin{\'o}n‐Torres and Juan Luis Arsuaga and Eudald Carbonell},
  journal={Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues},
  pages={157 - 171}
It has been twenty years since diagnosis and publication of the species Homo antecessor.1 Since then, new human fossils recovered from the TD6 level of the Gran Dolina site (Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain) have helped to refine its taxonomic and phylogenetic position. In this paper, we present a synthesis of the most characteristic features of this species, as well as our interpretation derived from the latest investigations. We focus on the phylogenetic interpretation of Homo antecessor… 

The dental proteome of Homo antecessor

Evidence is provided that H. antecessor is a close sister lineage to subsequent Middle and Late Pleistocene hominins, including modern humans, Neanderth humans and Denisovans, and that the cranial morphology of Neanderthals represents a derived form.

A new perspective on the origin of Homo sapiens

ABSTRACT In this paper, we critically review the current paradigm, which places the origin of Homo sapiens in Africa as the result of the evolution of a Middle Pleistocene species. In the African

Insights on the Early Pleistocene Hominin Population of the Guadix-Baza Depression (SE Spain) and a Review on the Ecology of the First Peopling of Europe

The chronology and environmental context of the first hominin dispersal in Europe have been subject to debate and controversy. The oldest settlements in Eurasia (e.g., Dmanisi, ∼1.8 Ma) suggest a

A Neandertal foot phalanx from the Galería de las Estatuas site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain).

Traits of the GE-1573 foot phalanx are consistent with the stratigraphic context, likely corresponding to one of the oldest Late Neandertals found inland on the Iberian Peninsula, and provides the first evidence of a Ne andertal human fossil in a stratIGraphic context in the Sierra de Atapuerca.

Ectopic maxillary third molar in Early Pleistocene Homo antecessor from Atapuerca-Gran Dolina site (Burgos, Spain).

It is concluded that the most likely etiology for the ectopic position of the M3 is the lack of space in the maxilla, which is similar to that of an ectopic maxillary third molar in Homo antecessor.



A hominid from the lower Pleistocene of Atapuerca, Spain: possible ancestor to Neandertals and modern humans.

Human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the lower Pleistocene cave site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain, exhibit a unique combination of cranial, mandibular,

The Atapuerca sites and their contribution to the knowledge of human evolution in Europe

Over the last two decades, the Pleistocene sites of the Sierra de Atapuerca (Spain) have provided two extraordinary assemblages of hominin fossils that have helped refine the evolutionary story of

A cranium for the earliest Europeans: Phylogenetic position of the hominid from Ceprano, Italy

  • G. ManziF. MallegniA. Ascenzi
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
According to the results, cranial features indicate that Ceprano represents a unique morphological bridge between the clade Homo ergaster/erectus and later Middle Pleistocene specimens commonly referred to Homo heidelbergensis (and/or to Homo rhodesiensis), particularly those belonging to the African fossil record that ultimately relates to the origin of modern humans.

An Early Pleistocene hominin mandible from Atapuerca-TD6, Spain.

None of the mandibular features considered apomorphic in the European Middle and Early Upper Pleistocene hominin lineage are present in ATD6-96, which reinforces the taxonomic identity of H. antecessor and is consistent with the hypothesis of a close relationship between this species and Homo sapiens.

New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens

A mosaic of features including facial, mandibular and dental morphology that aligns the Jebel Irhoud material with early or recent anatomically modern humans and more primitive neurocranial and endocranial morphology shows that the evolutionary processes behind the emergence of H. sapiens involved the whole African continent.

Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain)

The Gran Dolina hominid fossils cannot be comfortably accommodated in any of the defined Homo species, and could be considered a primitive form of Homo heidelbergensis, but a new species might be named in the future if the sample is enlarged.

The origin of Neandertals

  • J. Hublin
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2009
The term “Homo rhodesiensis” is proposed to be used to designate the large-brained hominins ancestral to H. sapiens in Africa and at the root of the Neandertals in Europe, and the term ‘Homo neanderthalensis’ to designate all of the specimens carrying derived metrical or non-metrical features used in the definition of the LP NeandERTals.

Homo in the middle pleistocene: Hypodigms, variation, and species recognition

In this essay, the evidence available from Middle Pleistocene localities in Africa and Europe is emphasized, exploring variation among individuals, composition of hypodigms, species‐level taxonomy, and evolutionary relationships of the hominin populations.

Early Pleistocene Homo erectus fossils from Konso, southern Ethiopia

Homo erectus has been broadly defined to include fossils from Africa, Asia, and possibly Europe, or restricted to a supposedly confined Asian clade. Recently discovered fossils of H. erectus are