Tweaking, bombing, dabbing and stockpiling: the emergence of mephedrone and the perversity of prohibition

  title={Tweaking, bombing, dabbing and stockpiling: the emergence of mephedrone and the perversity of prohibition},
  author={Fiona Measham and Karenza Moore and Russell Newcombe},
  journal={Drugs and Alcohol Today},
Significant changes in British recreational drug use were seen throughout 2009, with the emergence and rapid growth in the availability and use of substituted cathinones or ‘M‐Cats’ (most notably mephedrone and methylone), a group of psychoactive drugs not currently controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (HM Government, 1971), with similar effects to ecstasy, cocaine and amphetamines. The reasons for the appearance and appeal of this group of so‐called ‘legal highs’ are explored here in… 
Mephedrone, “Bubble” and unidentified white powders : the contested identities of synthetic “legal highs”
Purpose – In this fourth paper in a series on emergent drug trends in the UK (2006 ketamine, 2009 MDMA powder/crystal, 2010 mephedrone), the authors consider how the pharmacological landscape has
Mass‐information: mephedrone, myths, and the new generation of legal highs
The transmission of inaccurate information in relation to mephedrone and substituted cathinones is examined, and the implication for harm reduction and future research is discussed by looking at the results of the European Commission funded Psychonaut Web Mapping project, which used online resources to detect emerging trends, monitor their diffusion, and develop a reasonably accurate profile of these new psychoactive compounds.
Pills, Thrills and Bellyaches: The effects of criminalising a 'legal high' in Aotearoa New Zealand
Commonly referred to as 'legal highs', new psychoactive substances (NPS) are synthetic or naturally occurring substances that mimic the effects of illegal drugs such as cannabis, amphetamines, and
Curiosity killed M-Cat: A post-legislative study on mephedrone use in Ireland
Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) is a synthetic ‘amphetamine-type stimulant’ (ATS) derived from the Khat plant and collectively known as ‘M-Cats’. Research has indicated the presence of strong
A Preference for Mephedrone: Drug Markets, Drugs of Choice, and the Emerging “Legal High” Scene
Respondents’ preferences were guided by pharmacological properties that helped them conceal the effects of mephedrone in public and semi-public spaces, and were not deterred by the (impending) change from legal to illicit drug.
Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone; ‘meow meow’): chemical, pharmacological and clinical issues
A state-of-the-art review on mephedrone history and prevalence of misuse, chemistry, pharmacology, legal status, product market appearance, clinical/management and related fatalities is provided.
Mephedrone, assassin of youth: The rhetoric of fear in contemporary drug scares
This article examines how mephedrone, the most popular legal high sold freely in the United Kingdom until its classification as a high-risk drug, in April 2010, was constructed by the British popular
Synthetic cathinones: an evolving class of new psychoactive substances
A review on the development of SCat as substances of abuse, current patterns of abuse and their legal status, chemical classification, known mechanisms of action, and their toxicological effects is provided.


MDMA powder, pills and crystal: the persistence of ecstasy and the poverty of policy
Commonly known as ecstasy, MDMA has been central to the British acid house, rave and dance club scene over the last 20 years. Figures from the annual national British Crime Survey suggest that
The decline of ecstasy, the rise of ‘binge’ drinking and the persistence of pleasure
Recreational drug use has changed rapidly over the last 15 years in the UK. This article considers access, availability and desirability in relation to contemporary recreational drug use, current
Dangers of banning spice and the synthetic cannabinoid agonists.
A generic ban may not make criminological sense, as there is a real risk that it will make the herbal high market more dangerous, not safer; eventually, bans will lead to the use of truly dangerous highs, if that is all that is left legal.
A brief history and motivation of an entheogenic chemist
Casey Hardison was arrested in spring 2004 for the production of psychedelictype drugs ie. LSD, 2C‐B and DMT. In the three years since, not one person from ‘authority’ had bothered to ask him what
Assessment of a Concentrated, High-Profile Police Operation. No Discernible Impact on Drug Availability, Price or Purity
There is limited evidence from the current study to support the assertion that targeted policing will impact on the accessibility, price or quality of heroin, cannabis or crack cocaine.
Ketamine Case Study: The Phenomenology of a Ketamine Experience
Psychonautics refers both to a methodology for describing and explaining the subjective effects of drugs, and to a long established research paradigm in which intellectuals have taken drugs to
Five-year trends in patterns of drug use among people who use stimulants in dance contexts in the United Kingdom.
This purposively sampled population study has yielded time trend data broadly consistent with other indicators, where they exist, and also has demonstrable potential to identify new drug trends.
A Commitment to Clubbing
Smiling at a stranger in the dark confines of a hot and sweaty basement. Holding your arms up in the air, perhaps grasping the hand of someone nearby and cheering as the laser lights dip low over the