Turning Out Unlikely Voters? A Field Experiment in the Top-Two Primary

  title={Turning Out Unlikely Voters? A Field Experiment in the Top-Two Primary},
  author={Seth J. Hill and Thad Kousser},
  journal={Political Behavior},
Those who turn out in American primary elections are a small and unrepresentative subset of the population. Why do citizens forgo participation in nominating contests yet vote in general elections? We argue that limited contact lowers participation in primary elections. We present results from a randomized field experiment with near 150,000 letters in California’s 2014 primary. Each letter went to one of the four million Californians who had participated in recent general elections but not in… 
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