Turku sugar studies XVIII. Incidence of dental caries in relation to 1-year consumption of xylitol chewing gum.

@article{Scheinin1975TurkuSS,
  title={Turku sugar studies XVIII. Incidence of dental caries in relation to 1-year consumption of xylitol chewing gum.},
  author={A. N. Scheinin and Kauko K M{\"a}kinen and Erkki Tammisalo and M Rekola},
  journal={Acta odontologica Scandinavica},
  year={1975},
  volume={33 5},
  pages={
          269-78
        }
}
A longitudinal study was carried out in order to evaluate the caries incidence as affected by partial substitution of dietary sucrose (S) with xylitol (X), the effects of S- or X-containing chewing gums being compared during one year. The material comprised initially 102 young adults, predominantly dental and medical students, divided randomly into S- and X-groups. During the study 2 subjects were excluded, one due to lack of cooperation, the other not being allowed to enter the assigned S… Expand
Turku sugar studies. V. Final report on the effect of sucrose, fructose and xylitol diets on the caries incidence in man.
TLDR
It was suggested that the non- and anticariogenic properties of xylitol principally depend on its lack of suitability for microbial metabolism and physico-chemical effects in plaque and saliva. Expand
Xylitol Chewing Gums and Caries Rates: A 40-month Cohort Study
TLDR
It is suggested that systematic usage of polyol-based chewing gums reduces caries rates in young subjects, with xylitol gums being more effective than sorbitol gums. Expand
Changes in caries risk profile following the use of xylitol chewing gums – An interventional study
Aim: The study aims to evaluate the changes in caries risk profile after the use of Xylitol chewing gums. Materials and Method: Xylitol chewing gums were distributed to ten healthy individualsExpand
Turku sugar studies XX. Microbiological findings and plaque index values in relation to 1-year use of xylitol chewing gum.
TLDR
A significant decrease in plaque formation in relation of chewing per se was demonstrable and the difference in the plaque index values equalling or exceeding 2 was significant between the S- and X-groups. Expand
Long-term effect of xylitol chewing gum on dental caries.
TLDR
The results suggest that the value of xylitol in caries prevention depends on the timing of the treatment in relation to the development of the dentition, and the long-term preventive effect was greater than in other teeth. Expand
Use of xylitol chewing gum among Finnish schoolchildren.
TLDR
It may be concluded that since 1991 the use of xylitol chewing gum has further increased in Finland and currently more than a half of all schoolchildren benefit from it. Expand
Xylitol in preventing dental caries: A systematic review and meta-analyses
TLDR
Xylitol was found to be an effective strategy as self-applied caries preventive agent when compared with all other carie preventive strategies; however, it was insignificant. Expand
Collaborative WHO xylitol field studies in Hungary. I. Three-year caries activity in institutionalized children.
TLDR
It is concluded that dietary xylitol in solid sweets resulted in a lower increment of caries than obtained in the F and C groups (p less than 0.001, covariance analysis, with base-line prevalence, number of permanent teeth, and visible plaque index as covariants). Expand
Effect of Erythritol and Xylitol on Dental Caries Prevention in Children
TLDR
Test the efficacy of long-term, daily intake of erythritol and xylitol candy, compared with sorbitol candy, on the development of enamel and dentin caries lesions in primary school children from southeastern Estonia found it to be significantly lower in the mixed dentition in the erystritol group than in thexylitol or control group. Expand
A 24-month Clinical Study of the Incidence and Progression of Dental Caries in Relation to Consumption of Chewing Gum Containing Xylitol in School Preventive Programs
TLDR
Children who chewed gum had a significantly lower net progression of decay (progressions-reversals) over a 24-month period than did the controls and results for the plaque index were in agreement with those of the DMF(S) increment and the net progress of decay. Expand
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Turku sugar studies. V. Final report on the effect of sucrose, fructose and xylitol diets on the caries incidence in man.
TLDR
It was suggested that the non- and anticariogenic properties of xylitol principally depend on its lack of suitability for microbial metabolism and physico-chemical effects in plaque and saliva. Expand
Turku sugar studies. I. An intermediate report on the effect of sucrose, fructose and xylitol diets on the caries incidence in man.
The present report covers the results after the first year of a 2-year trial, carried out in order to evaluate eventual differences in the caries incidence as influenced by sucrose (S), fructose (F)Expand
Turku sugar studies. VI. The administration of the trial and the control of the dietary regimen.
125 voluntary subjects, divided into three groups, were originally chosen to participate in a two-year trial in which the dental and general effects of the consumption of sucrose (S 35), fructose (FExpand