Turkey and the Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh: A Delicate Balance

  title={Turkey and the Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh: A Delicate Balance},
  author={Svante E. Cornell},
  journal={Middle Eastern Studies},
  • S. Cornell
  • Published 1998
  • Sociology
  • Middle Eastern Studies
With the break-up of the Soviet Union in late 1991, Azerbaijan and Armenia both became independent, and Moscow's responsibility to manage and contain the conflict over Nagorno Karabakh suddenly disappeared. Within a few months, the conflict flared up into a full-size war, even involving Armenian regular troops and whole detachments of the former Soviet military on the side of the Karabakh Armenians.' Consequently Azerbaijan, within less than two years of fighting, lost the entire territory of… Expand
Abstract The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been one of the main challenging questions in the foreign policy of Turkey toward South Caucasus since its outbreak at the collapse of Soviet Union in theExpand
A brief overview on Karabakh history from past to today
After initiation of the glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) policies in the USSR by Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union started to crumble, and old, forgotten, suppressed problemsExpand
The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict, Caspian Oil and Regional Powers
The end of the Cold War has changed the dynamics of international relations and marked the end of the era of bipolarity. One of the important consequences of the end of the Cold War is the increasingExpand
International reactions to massive human rights violations: the case of Chechnya.
  • S. Cornell
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Europe-Asia studies
  • 1999
The aggression existing between the Chechen people and Russia predates both the Russian republic and the Soviet Union, going back to the late 18th century when Russia's drive to the South led to the incorporation first of the Transc Caucasus and only later of the rebellious North Caucasus. Expand
The Uses and Abuses of History: Genocide and the Making of the Karabakh Conflict
Abstract Did the 1915 genocide of the Ottoman Armenians play a role in the genesis of the Karabakh war? In the early phase of the conflict, many Armenian activists and politicians drew parallelsExpand
Uzbekistan: A regional player in Eurasian geopolitics?
Recently there has been a trend towards the development of two rival sets of alliances in Eurasia: in effect, one Western‐oriented alignment led by the United States and Turkey, including Israel,Expand
Energy Cooperation in the Caucasus: Continuity and Change in Russian-Turkish Relations
This article explores the links between the remarkable change in Russian-Turkish foreign relations in the early 2000s and the geostrategic importance of the Caucasus for global energy security. ForExpand
Turkish Influence in the South Caucasus and Levant: The Consequences for NATO and the EU
Abstract : This thesis examines Turkey's growth as a power under the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi; AKP) government, and the implications for European institutions. InExpand
Turkey: Sly as a Fox? Explaining the successive development of Turkey’s multilateral cooperation efforts
Since the European Union membership application in 1987, twenty-six years have passed and the status of Turkey has only progressed from a “potential candidate” to an “official candidate”. At the sameExpand
1980–2002 “The Turkic World; From the Adriatic Sea to the Great Wall of China”
In this period, though the Cold War conditions prevailed, its repressive effects began to wane. The detente period had ended with the Reagan administration (1981–1989), and the new phase ofExpand


Pride of Small Nations: The Caucasus and Post-Soviet Disorder
The Caucasus is the mountainous region between Europe and Asia, Islam and Christianity, Turk and Slav. The break-up of the Soviet Union has given way to ethnic hatred, internecine warfare andExpand
Between Marx and Muhammad: The changing face of Central Asia
As each of the newly-independent Muslim-majority states of Central Asia struggles to find an identity, ethnic tensions have frequently given rise to political turbulence and civil strife. The authorExpand
Democracy and Nationalism in Armenia
(1994). Democracy and nationalism in Armenia. Europe-Asia Studies: Vol. 46, No. 5, pp. 839-861.
Nagorno Karabakh: Can Turkey Remain Neutral?
  • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Research Report,
  • 1992
A Reporter at Large
Ossetia: A Caucasian Bosnia in microcosm
The crisis in Azerbaijan : how clans influence the politics of an emerging republic
Turkish-Russian Relations, 1992-1994
  • RFE/RL Research Report,
  • 1994
Yerasimos' excellent article 'Caucase: Le Retour de la Russie
  • Politique Internationale,
  • 1994