Turkey Looks East: International Leverage and Democratic Backsliding in a Hybrid Regime

@article{Akyuz2018TurkeyLE,
  title={Turkey Looks East: International Leverage and Democratic Backsliding in a Hybrid Regime},
  author={Kadir Akyuz and Kadir Steve Hess},
  journal={Mediterranean Quarterly},
  year={2018},
  volume={29},
  pages={1 - 26}
}
Abstract:This essay examines the impact of Turkey's growing international links to China, Russia, and other non-Western powers on democratic backsliding by the administration of Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The essay finds that China's and Russia's growing engagement with Turkey since the middle of the first decade of the 2000s, coupled with Turkey's stalled bid for European Union membership, played an important role in deleveraging Western democratizing influence on Turkey. This shift in the… Expand
How Democracy Backslides: Tracing the Pathway in Six Countries
The state of global democracy has been witnessing a consistent trend called ‘democratic backsliding’. Several studies have explained ‘why democracy backslides’, nevertheless, attention towards ‘howExpand
Conceptualizing Europeanness and European Politics: Issues of Turkey’s Compatibility
The current paper aims to describe aspects of the debate regarding Turkey’s compatibility with how Europeanness is conceptualized. It is hereby questioned: How is Europe conceptualized? What’s theExpand
Competition policy and economic governance in an independent Scotland
The SNP’s Sustainable Growth Commission updated an economic case for Scottish independence, based on strong future economic growth over many years, however without any discussion of the manyExpand
Missing a landmark moment or treading on thin ice: sexual orientation and gender identity and the Turkish Constitutional Court
The paper seeks to analyze how the Turkish Constitutional Court has resolved sexual orientation and gender identity cases and constructed the LGBT+ subject in constitutional terms in its initial fo...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey
Abstract Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002 Turkey has undergone double regime transitions. First, tutelary democracy ended; second, a competitive authoritarianExpand
Activism in Turkish Foreign Policy: Balancing European and Regional Interests
This article argues that long-term changes in Turkish foreign policy are primarily due to the diversification of the country’s political and economic interests. Important international structuralExpand
Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism
Europe Undivided analyzes how an enlarging EU has facilitated a convergence toward liberal democracy among credible future members of the EU in Central and Eastern Europe. It reveals how variationsExpand
Between Europeanization and Euro‐Asianism: Foreign Policy Activism in Turkey during the AKP Era
Abstract Focusing on Turkish foreign policy in the post‐Cold War era, this paper argues that the period can be divided into three distinct phases: an initial wave of foreign policy activism in theExpand
“Survival of the fittest:” Domestic and international dimensions of the authoritarian reaction in the former Soviet Union following the colored revolutions
This article examines the internal and external reactions by post-Soviet autocrats to the colored revolutions. First, the colored revolutions provoked incumbents in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan,Expand
Elections Without Democracy: The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism
The post–Cold War world has been marked by the proliferation of hybrid political regimes. In different ways, and to varying degrees, polities across much of Africa (Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia,Expand
Authoritarian backsliding and the concentration of political power
ABSTRACT This article introduces the concept of authoritarian backsliding as a class of strategies for the concentration of incumbent political power in hybrid regimes. Such actions includeExpand
Turkey in the Last Two Decades: From Democratization to Authoritarianism
The last report on Turkey written by Professor Esin Orucu analysed the 2010 constitutional amendments. These reforms were perhaps the last step in Turkey’s democratization process that had been goingExpand
Turkish Currency Crisis of 2000-2001, Revisited
Turkey's exchange rate based stabilization programme had collapsed within just 11 months of its implementation in the midst of a liquidity crunch in November 2000 caused by a reversal in the capitalExpand
Aid, China, and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset
This paper introduces a new dataset of official financing — including foreign aid and other forms of concessional and non-concessional state financing — from China to 138 countries between 2000 andExpand
...
1
2
...