Turkey: The Slippery Slope from Reformist to Revolutionary Polarization and Democratic Breakdown

  title={Turkey: The Slippery Slope from Reformist to Revolutionary Polarization and Democratic Breakdown},
  author={Murat Somer},
  journal={The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science},
  pages={42 - 61}
  • Murat Somer
  • Published 2019
  • Sociology
  • The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Under the Justice and Development Party AKP and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Turkey has become one of the most polarized countries in the world, and has undergone a significant democratic breakdown. This article explains how polarization and democratic breakdown happened, arguing that it was based on the built-in, perverse dynamics of an “authoritarian spiral of polarizing-cum-transformative politics.” Furthermore, I identify ten causal mechanisms that have produced pernicious polarization and… Expand
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