• Corpus ID: 34353316

Turkey's Trans-Border Operations in Northern Iraq: Before and after the Invasion of Iraq

  title={Turkey's Trans-Border Operations in Northern Iraq: Before and after the Invasion of Iraq},
  author={Funda Keskin},
Northern Iraq provides an area of retreat for the PKK. Turkey carried out trans-border operations into northern Iraq between 1988-1999. Although Iraq applied to the Security Council, this issue never made its way to a Council meeting. Turkey mostly relied on the Resolution 688 and right of self-defence as the legal basis. Since 2003, it is Iraq’s responsibility to stop PKK activities. When it is asked from the US and Iraqi government, both states claim that they are unable to do it due to… 
An Analysis of Turkey's Bordering Processes: Why and Against Whom?
Abstract Every state tries to regulate, control and determine who may enter into its territory. Undesirable foreigners become subjects of bordering processes of states. By confining itself to the
Turkey’s Game Plan in Northern Syria and its Implications for the EU
Throughout the civil war, the Syrian opposition has been politically and militarily supported by several countries. At present, with its boots on the ground, Turkey is the main backer of the armed
Turkey's Growing Relations with Iran and Arab Middle East
During its final two centuries, the Ottoman Empire failed to introduce an “exit strategy” from the Middle East. On account of this uneasy disengagement, Republican Turkey turned back and followed an
The link between the foreign policy of states and escalating political violence: Turkey and the PKK
In this article, I analyse the escalation of ongoing violence between the Turkish state and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Partiya Karkaren Kurdistan, PKK) through a new perspective. More
An Estimation of Turkey's Export Loss to Iraq
Mutual Economic Interdependence or Economic Imbalance: Turkish Private Sector Presence in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Abstract This article concentrates on the deepening of Ankara-Erbil relations, with a specific focus on the presence of the Turkish private sector in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) between 2004
Why States Rebel: Understanding State Sponsorship of Terrorism
State Sponsorship of Terrorism connects three major contemporary issues of international relations: intrastate conflict, third-party intervention, and interstate relations. In order to understand,why


By All Means, Intervene! (The Security Council and the Use of Force under Chapter VII of the UN Charter in Iraq (to protect the Kurds), in Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda and Haiti)
In recent years the UN Security Council has on numerous occasions handled situations involving gross human rights violations. In order to be able to take the action considered necessary the Security
Self-Defence and the Security Council: What Does Article 51 Require?
  • D. Greig
  • Political Science
    International and Comparative Law Quarterly
  • 1991
A great deal of attention has been paid by academic writers to the interpretation of Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. The most frequently canvassed issues have included the question of what
Violence and law in the modern age
This remarkable and thoughtful book examines some of the most shattering events in recent history, from the annihilation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to mass murder in Sabra and Shatila, from the
The State, War, and the State of War (review)
dictive history” runs through the book. In this history, Toiroa, the seer who is believed to have prophesied Te Kooti’s career in 1766, is stated to be still prophesying in 1865. Calling him “old
The Law of War