# Tunneling Confronts Special Relativity

@article{Nimtz2013TunnelingCS, title={Tunneling Confronts Special Relativity}, author={G{\"u}nter Nimtz}, journal={Foundations of Physics}, year={2013}, volume={41}, pages={1193-1199} }

Experiments with evanescent modes and tunneling particles have shown that (i) their signal velocity may be faster than light, (ii) they are described by virtual particles, (iii) they are nonlocal and act at a distance, (iv) experimental tunneling data of phonons, photons, and electrons display a universal scattering time at the tunneling barrier front, and (v) the properties of evanescent, i.e. tunneling modes are not compatible with the special theory of relativity.

## 33 Citations

### Zero time tunneling: macroscopic experiments with virtual particles

- Physics
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Feynman introduced virtual particles in his diagrams as intermediate states of an interaction process. They represent necessary intermediate states between observable real states. Such virtual…

### The energy transfer velocity by a plane monochromaticelectromagnetic wave through a layer of matter

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Stationary problems for the diffraction (tunneling) of a plane electromagnetic wave through a layer of matter with dielectric properties, as well as a quantum particle tunneling through a rectangular…

### The Superluminal Tunneling Story

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Since 1992 experimental evidence of superluminal (faster than light, FTL) signals are causing much excitement in the physical community and in the media. Superluminal signal velocity and zero time…

### The Wigner time delay for laser induced tunnel-ionization via the electron propagator

- Physics
- 2014

Recent attoclock experiments using the attsecond angular streaking technique enabled the measurement of the tunneling time delay during laser induced strong field ionization. Theoretically the…

### Fowler-nordheim tunneling induced charge transfer plasmons between nearly touching nanoparticles

- Physics2013 Abstracts IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS)
- 2013

An alternative tunneling process is considered, that is, the well-known Fowler-Nordheim (FN) tunneling that occurs at high electric fields, and this new approach relaxes the requirements on gap dimensions, and intuitively suggests that with a sufficiently high-intensity irradiation, the CTP can be excited via FN tunneling for a range of subnanometer gaps.

### Superluminality and Finite Potential Light-Barrier Crossing

- PhysicsInternational Journal of Physics
- 2021

Superluminal movements are subject of discussion since many decades. The present work investigates how an electrical charged real matter particle can traverse the energy barrier at the speed of light…

### Explanation of Superluminal Phenomena Based on Wave-Particle Duality and Proposed Optical Experiments

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We suggest an explanation for superluminal phenomena based on wave-particle duality of photons. A single photon may be regarded as a wave packet, whose spatial extension is its coherence volume. As…

### Speed and time of electromagnetic energy transfer in cases of band gap and resonant tunneling

- PhysicsSaratov Fall Meeting
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The problems of passing and tunneling a plane electromagnetic wave through a dielectric layer and two dielectric layers separated by a vacuum gap are considered. It is shown that there are no…

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