Tuning a ménage à trois: Co‐evolution and co‐adaptation of nuclear and organellar genomes in plants

@article{Greiner2013TuningAM,
  title={Tuning a m{\'e}nage {\`a} trois: Co‐evolution and co‐adaptation of nuclear and organellar genomes in plants},
  author={Stephan Greiner and Ralph Bock},
  journal={BioEssays},
  year={2013},
  volume={35}
}
Plastids and mitochondria arose through endosymbiotic acquisition of formerly free‐living bacteria. During more than a billion years of subsequent concerted evolution, the three genomes of plant cells have undergone dramatic structural changes to optimize the expression of the compartmentalized genetic material and to fine‐tune the communication between the nucleus and the organelles. The chimeric composition of many multiprotein complexes in plastids and mitochondria (one part of the subunits… 
Host-endosymbiont co-evolution shaped chloroplast translational regulation
TLDR
A comparison between plastid translation regulation in green algae and land plants is provided, showing that in both cases chloroplast gene expression is prevalently regulated at post-transcriptional and translational level, although with different strategies.
Using plants to elucidate the mechanisms of cytonuclear co-evolution.
TLDR
This review summarizes some of the classic questions about cytonuclear co-evolution that could be addressed by taking advantage of the variation in plants and highlights a recent analysis of the effect of mitochondrial mutation accumulation on rates of molecular evolution in the nucleus.
Witnessing Genome Evolution: Experimental Reconstruction of Endosymbiotic and Horizontal Gene Transfer.
  • R. Bock
  • Biology
    Annual review of genetics
  • 2017
TLDR
This review describes experimental approaches towards studying endosymbiotic and horizontal gene transfer processes, discusses the new knowledge gained from these approaches about both the evolutionary significance of gene transfer and the underlying molecular mechanisms, and highlights exciting possibilities to exploit gene and genome transfer in biotechnology and synthetic biology.
Multi-step formation, evolution, and functionalization of new cytoplasmic male sterility genes in the plant mitochondrial genomes
TLDR
A model for the formation and evolution of new CMS genes via a “multi-recombination/protogene formation/functionalization” mechanism involving gradual variations in the structure, sequence, copy number, and function is proposed.
Co-evolution in the Jungle: From Leafcutter Ant Colonies to Chromosomal Ends
TLDR
It is shown what means of co-evolution were employed to accommodate various types of telomere-maintenance mechanisms in mitochondria, and several scenarios derived from research on telomeres are proposed, while emphasizing that the relevant answers are still not in sight.
Cytonuclear interactions affect adaptive traits of the annual plant Arabidopsis thaliana in the field
TLDR
The results indicate that natural variation in cytoplasmic and nuclear genomes interact to shape integrative traits that contribute to adaptation, thereby suggesting that cytonuclear interactions can play a major role in the evolutionary dynamics of A. thaliana.
Elucidating genomic patterns and recombination events in plant cybrid mitochondria
TLDR
It is proposed that BIR could be one of the mechanisms responsible for the loss of the majority of the repeated regions derived from H. niger.
Biparental inheritance of chloroplasts is controlled by lipid biosynthesis
TLDR
It is shown, that plastid competition is a metabolic phenotype determined by extremely rapidly evolving regions in the plastsid genome of the evening primrose Oenothera, which uncovers for the first time a genetic determinant of organelle inheritance.
Investigating plastid genome evolution in heterotrophic plants and the use of structural changes to the plastid genome as phylogenetic markers
TLDR
Investigation of the evolution of plastome protein coding gene content in parasitic Cuscuta (Convolvulaceae) and mycoheterotrophic Ericaceae indicates that the haustorial parasitism has evolved at least 11 times independently and there are at least 10 independent origins of my coheterotrophy among land plants.
Chloroplast competition is controlled by lipid biosynthesis in evening primroses
TLDR
It is shown that the ability of plastids to compete against each other is a metabolic phenotype determined by extremely rapidly evolving genes in the plastid genome of the evening primrose Oenothera, and uncovers cytoplasmic drive loci controlling the outcome of biparental chloroplast transmission.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 112 REFERENCES
The role of plastids in plant speciation
TLDR
Evidence suggests that the plastid‐mediated hybridization barriers associated with hybrid bleaching primarily arise through modification of components in regulatory networks, rather than of complex, multisubunit structures themselves that are frequent targets.
Reconstructing evolution: Gene transfer from plastids to the nucleus
  • R. Bock, J. Timmis
  • Biology
    BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology
  • 2008
TLDR
Current knowledge about plastid‐to‐nuclear gene transfer in the context of genome evolution is summarized and new insights gained from experiments that recapitulate endosymbiotic gene transfer from organelles to nucleus are discussed.
Experimental Reconstruction of Functional Gene Transfer from the Tobacco Plastid Genome to the Nucleus[OA]
TLDR
It is shown that DNA-mediated gene transfer can give rise to functional nuclear genes if followed by suitable rearrangements in the nuclear genome.
Cytonuclear coevolution: the genomics of cooperation.
Oenothera—An ideal system for studying the interactions of genome and plastome
  • W. Stubbe
  • Biology
    Plant Molecular Biology Reporter
  • 2007
TLDR
The genus Oenothera is called attention to as a plant system uniquely suited for the study of the interactions of genome and plastome, which has been analyzed extensively by classical genetic approaches and is thus ready for applying the powerful tools of today's molecular biology.
Widespread horizontal transfer of mitochondrial genes in flowering plants
TLDR
It is shown that standard mitochondrial genes, encoding ribosomal and respiratory proteins, are subject to evolutionarily frequent horizontal transfer between distantly related flowering plants, implying the existence of mechanisms for the delivery of DNA between unrelated plants and indicating that horizontal transfer is also a force in plant nuclear genomes.
Pigment Deficiency in Nightshade/Tobacco Cybrids Is Caused by the Failure to Edit the Plastid ATPase α-Subunit mRNAw⃞
TLDR
A plastome-wide analysis of RNA editing in these cytoplasmic hybrids and in plants with a tobacco nucleus and nightshade chloroplasts revealed additional defects in the editing of species-specific editing sites, suggesting that differences in RNA editing patterns in general contribute to the pigment deficiencies observed in interspecific nuclear–plastidial incompatibilities.
Cytoplasmic male sterility: a window to the world of plant mitochondrial-nuclear interactions.
  • C. Chase
  • Biology
    Trends in genetics : TIG
  • 2007
Speciation through cytonuclear incompatibility: Insights from yeast and implications for higher eukaryotes
  • Jui-Yu Chou, J. Leu
  • Biology
    BioEssays : news and reviews in molecular, cellular and developmental biology
  • 2010
Several features of the yeast mitochondrial genome, including high mutation rate, dynamic genomic structure, small effective population size, and dispensability for cellular viability, make it a
...
...