Tung tree DGAT1 and DGAT2 have nonredundant functions in triacylglycerol biosynthesis and are localized to different subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum.

@article{Shockey2006TungTD,
  title={Tung tree DGAT1 and DGAT2 have nonredundant functions in triacylglycerol biosynthesis and are localized to different subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum.},
  author={Jay Shockey and Satinder K Gidda and Dorselyn C. Chapital and Jui-Chang W. Kuan and Preetinder K. Dhanoa and John M Bland and Steven. J. Rothstein and Robert T Mullen and John M Dyer},
  journal={The Plant cell},
  year={2006},
  volume={18 9},
  pages={2294-313}
}
Seeds of the tung tree (Vernicia fordii) produce large quantities of triacylglycerols (TAGs) containing approximately 80% eleostearic acid, an unusual conjugated fatty acid. We present a comparative analysis of the genetic, functional, and cellular properties of tung type 1 and type 2 diacylglycerol acyltransferases (DGAT1 and DGAT2), two unrelated enzymes that catalyze the committed step in TAG biosynthesis. We show that both enzymes are encoded by single genes and that DGAT1 is expressed at… CONTINUE READING
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