Tumor-specific idiotype vaccines. III. Induction of T helper cells by anti-idiotype and tumor cells.


In a previous report, we have demonstrated the induction of tumor-specific immunity by monoclonal anti-idiotype antibodies generated against a monoclonal anti-tumor antibody, 11C1, that also cross-reacts with mouse mammary tumor virus envelope glycoprotein gp52. Also, we showed that whereas one anti-idiotype antibody, 2F10, could induce protective immunity, another anti-idiotype antibody, 3A4, induced nonprotective immunity. Here we demonstrated the existence of T helper cells which recognize anti-idiotypes that exert differential controls on tumor growth. The qualitative nature of idiotype recognizing T cells generated in response to 2F10, 3A4, irradiated tumor, and progressively growing tumor was compared. The reactivity pattern of idiotype recognizing T cells obtained from 2F10 and irradiated tumor immunized mice were similar in nature in the sense that Lyt-2- T cells obtained from these immunized mice responded to both 2F10 and 3A4 as antigen, although T cells from tumor immunized mice responded better to 3A4 antigen. On the other hand, the idiotype-recognizing T cells obtained from 3A4-immunized mice showed a similar reactivity pattern to T cells isolated from mice during the early phase of tumor growth (within day 4 to 5 after the inoculation of 10(4) live tumor cells). Lyt-2- T cells isolated from mice immunized with 3A4 or during the early phase of tumor growth responded only to 3A4 antigen. The inability of Lyt-2- T cells, isolated from 4- to 5-day-old tumor in mice, to cooperate with 2F10-TNP is not due to the absence of 2F10 idiotype recognizing T cells as 2F10 id recognizing T cells are present when examined at the precursor level. These data on the idiotype specificity of T helper cells show a correlation with the presence of anti-tumor immunity. This information will help in the design and application of idiotype vaccine in tumor immunotherapy.


Citations per Year

187 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 187 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Raychaudhuri1987TumorspecificIV, title={Tumor-specific idiotype vaccines. III. Induction of T helper cells by anti-idiotype and tumor cells.}, author={Syamal Raychaudhuri and Yasutake Saeki and Jia Jie Chen and Heinz V Kohler}, journal={Journal of immunology}, year={1987}, volume={139 6}, pages={2096-102} }