Tumor necrosis factor alpha production in schistosomiasis with carcinoma of urinary bladder

Schistosomiasis parasitic infection (Schistosoma haematobium) is associated in some patients with bladder cancer. The production of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is a key event of inflammation in human infectious disease and malignancy. TNFα has not been previously investigated from schistosomiasis infection and bladder malignancy. In… (More)