Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with meningitis of different etiologies: high levels of TNF alpha indicate bacterial meningitis.

Abstract

The levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were analyzed in 139 patients with meningitis and in 20 control subjects. Elevated concentrations were observed in 42 (82%) of 51 patients with purulent bacterial meningitis (18/24 Haemophilus influenzae, 13/14 Streptococcus pneumoniae, 7/7 Neisseria meningitidis, and 4/6 with… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Glimker1993TumorNF, title={Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) in cerebrospinal fluid from patients with meningitis of different etiologies: high levels of TNF alpha indicate bacterial meningitis.}, author={Martin Glim{\aa}ker and Peter Kragsbjerg and Margareta Forsgren and P. Olc{\'e}n}, journal={The Journal of infectious diseases}, year={1993}, volume={167 4}, pages={882-9} }