Tumor necrosis as prognostic indicator in transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract.

@article{Langner2006TumorNA,
  title={Tumor necrosis as prognostic indicator in transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract.},
  author={Cord Langner and Georg C. Hutterer and Thomas F. Chromecki and Sebastian Leibl and Peter Rehak and Richard E Zigeuner},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  year={2006},
  volume={176 3},
  pages={910-3; discussion 913-4}
}
PURPOSE The clinicopathological features predictive of outcome in patients with upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma are not clearly established. We analyzed the prognostic impact of tumor necrosis with respect to metastasis-free survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS The presence of focal (10% or less of the tumor area) and extensive (greater than 10% of the tumor area) coagulative tumor necrosis was retrospectively reevaluated in 268 cases of consecutive upper urinary tract transitional… CONTINUE READING