Trypsinogen IV, serotonin transporter transcript levels and serotonin content are increased in small intestine of irritable bowel syndrome patients.

Colorectal and small intestinal visceral hypersensitivity has been demonstrated in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Serine protease signalling via protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2 promotes hyperalgesia to mechanical distension. Furthermore, serotonergic pathways are involved in gastrointestinal visceral sensitivity. Abnormalities of serine protease and… CONTINUE READING