Trypanosoma irwini n. sp (Sarcomastigophora: Trypanosomatidae) from the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)

@article{McInnes2009TrypanosomaIN,
  title={Trypanosoma irwini n. sp (Sarcomastigophora: Trypanosomatidae) from the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)},
  author={Linda M. McInnes and Amber K. Gillett and Una M. Ryan and Jill M. Austen and R. S. F. Campbell and Jon Hanger and Simon A. Reid},
  journal={Parasitology},
  year={2009},
  volume={136},
  pages={875 - 885}
}
The morphology and genetic characterization of a new species of trypanosome infecting koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) are described. [...] Key Result Morphological analysis of bloodstream forms and phylogenetic analysis at the 18S rDNA and gGAPDH loci demonstrated this trypanosome species to be genetically distinct and most similar to Trypanosoma bennetti, an avian trypanosome with a genetic distance of 0.9% at the 18S rDNA and 10.7% at the gGAPDH locus.Expand
Novel trypanosome Trypanosoma gilletti sp. (Euglenozoa: Trypanosomatidae) and the extension of the host range of Trypanosoma copemani to include the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)
TLDR
The finding of a second novel species, T. gilletti, is reported, as well as the extension of the host range of Trypanosoma copemani to include koalas, and Phylogenetic analysis at the 18S rDNA and gGAPDH loci demonstrated that T.gilletti was genetically distinct. Expand
Trypanosoma teixeirae: A new species belonging to the T. cruzi clade causing trypanosomosis in an Australian little red flying fox (Pteropus scapulatus)
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Morphological and molecular methods were used to demonstrate that this novel trypanosome species identified in an adult female little red flying fox is a distinct species and the name Trypanosoma teixeirae sp. Expand
Novel genotypes of Trypanosoma binneyi from wild platypuses (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) and identification of a leech as a potential vector.
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The molecular detection of trypanosomes in an aquatic leech removed from a platypus, suggests the possibility that these haematophagous hirudineans may be a vector for T. binneyi (and closely related genotypes). Expand
Morphological polymorphism of Trypanosoma copemani and description of the genetically diverse T. vegrandis sp. nov. from the critically endangered Australian potoroid, the brush-tailed bettong (Bettongia penicillata (Gray, 1837))
TLDR
Here it is reported for the first time on the morphological diversity of trypanosomes infecting the woylie and provided the first visual evidence of a mixed infection of both T. vegrandis sp. Expand
The potential impact of native Australian trypanosome infections on the health of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus)
TLDR
There was a statistical association between infection with T. gilletti with lower PCV values and body condition scores in koalas with signs of chlamydiosis, bone marrow disease or koala AIDS, raising the possibility that T.gilletti may be potentiating other disease syndromes affecting koalaas. Expand
Identification of novel trypanosome genotypes in native Australian marsupials.
TLDR
This is the first study to genetically characterise trypanosome isolates from possums (Trichosurus vulpecula), and the identification of these novel sequences may support future investigations on transmission, threats to endangered wildlife, and evolutionary history of the genus Trypanosoma. Expand
Phylogeny and Morphological Variability of Trypanosomes from African Pelomedusid Turtles with Redescription of Trypanosoma mocambicum Pienaar, 1962.
TLDR
This study provides the first sequence data of Trypanosoma species isolated from freshwater turtles from tropical Africa and extends knowledge on diversity of trypanosomes in the Afrotropical zoogeographical realm. Expand
First report of Trypanosoma dionisii (Trypanosomatidae) identified in Australia
TLDR
This is the first report of T. dionisii in Australia and in Australian native bats, which further contributes to the global distribution of this cosmopolitan bat trypanosome. Expand
Intercontinental distribution of a new trypanosome species from Australian endemic Regent Honeyeater (Anthochaera phrygia)
SUMMARY Establishing a health screening protocol is fundamental for successful captive breeding and release of wildlife. The aim of this study was to undertake a parasitological survey focusing onExpand
Increased genetic diversity and prevalence of co-infection with Trypanosoma spp. in koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) and their ticks identified using next-generation sequencing (NGS)
TLDR
A next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based assay was applied to characterise the prevalence and genetic diversity of trypanosome communities in koalas and two native species of ticks and results revealed that this method was only able to identify the genotypes with greater amount of reads within koala samples, which highlights the advantages of NGS in detecting mixed infections. Expand
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