Trypanosoma and Leishmania have clonal population structures of epidemiological significance.

Abstract

This paper presents three results concerning the population structure of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease: (1) The mode of propagation of T. cruzi in nature is clonal; sexual reproduction is either totally absent or so rare that it leaves no traces in the population structure of the parasite. (2) The genetic diversity of the clonal lineages is… (More)

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