Trust, Reassurance, and Cooperation

@article{Kydd2000TrustRA,
  title={Trust, Reassurance, and Cooperation},
  author={Andrew H. Kydd},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2000},
  volume={54},
  pages={325 - 357}
}
  • Andrew H. Kydd
  • Published 1 March 2000
  • Economics
  • International Organization
Many scholars have argued that mistrust can prevent cooperation. These arguments often fail to adequately address the possibility that states can take steps to reassure each other, build trust, and thereby avoid conflict. I present a rational choice theory of reassurance focusing on costly signals and identify the conditions under which players can use costly signals to reassure the other side. The central result is that reassurance will be possible between trustworthy players in equilibrium if… 
The Honest Broker: Mediation and Mistrust
Mediators are often said to facilitate conflict resolution or mutually beneficial exchange by building trust between suspicious adversaries or potential trading partners. This paper examines the
Signaling under the Security Dilemma: An Experimental Analysis
One of the most intractable debates in IR revolves around the severity and frequency of the security dilemma. Offensive realists argue that states are compelled to make worst-case assumptions about
Power Shifts, Multiple Audiences and Credible Reassurance
Rising states face great difficulty credibly communicating benign intentions, due to strong incentives for hostile risers to misrepresent themselves. However, the literature on power shifts and
Costly Adjustments, Markets and International Reassurance
Two leaders engaged in international co-operation must each build trust by credibly signalling that they will not exploit the other by defecting at the implementation stage. Previous research does
Uncertainty and Reassurance in International Politics
In a recent article, Evan Montgomery addresses the question of how states cope with uncertainty about other states’ intentions in international politics through reassurance.1 He ands that because of
Breaking Out of the Security Dilemma: Realism, Reassurance, and the Problem of Uncertainty
In the debate between offensive and defensive realism, a central issue is whether major powers can overcome the uncertainty that drives the security dilemma. Whereas offensive realists maintain that
Threats and Assurances in Crisis Bargaining
Both threats and assurances can be useful in international negotiations. Threats help convince the adversary that a state will fight if challenged, and assurances can convince the adversary that a
A Conceptualization of Trust in International Relations
This article provides a conceptualization of trust in interstate relations in terms amenable to research. In the field of International Relations trust is often equated with the willingness to take
Coercive Threats and Reputation-Building in International Crises
When do states defend their reputations? States sometimes pay heavy costs to protect their reputations, but other times willingly take actions that could tarnish them. What accounts for the
When Do Defensive Alliances Provoke Rather than Deter?
Kenwick, Vasquez, and Powers contend that defensive alliances provoke conflict; Leeds and Johnson argue that they deter conflict. I use a formal model to deduce conditions under which alliances
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 103 REFERENCES
Testing the Waters
Individuals often fail to cooperate because they are not sufficiently reassured that others involved share their desire for reciprocal cooperation. Such situations may be seen as Assurance games. The
Reassurance in International Conflict Management
Deterrence is not uniformly appropriate as a strategy of conflict management among adversaries. Evidence drawn from different kinds of studies now suggests important limiting conditions that
Rationalist explanations for war
Realist and other scholars commonly hold that rationally led states can and sometimes do fight when no peaceful bargains exist that both would prefer to war. Against this view, I show that under very
Realists as Optimists: Cooperation as Self-Help
~ Structural realists are pessimistic about the prospects for international cooperation; they believe that competition between the major powers in the international system is the normal state of
COMPETITION OR CO‐OPERATION: ON THE EVOLUTIONARY ECONOMICS OF TRUST, EXPLOITATION AND MORAL ATTITUDES
”For he that performeth first, has no assurance the other will performe after; because the bonds of words are too weak to bridle men's ambition, avarice, anger, and other Passions, without the feare
Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma
TLDR
The model of the Prisoner's Dilemma is used to demonstrate that cooperation is more likely when the costs of being exploited and the gains of exploiting others are low, when the gains from mutual cooperation and the cost of mutual noncooperation are high, and when each side expects the other to cooperate.
Trust, Reputation, And Exit in Exchange Relationships
Contrary to the assumptions of the supergame model, agents in exchange situations will normally not be perfectly informed about past behavior of their partners. Moreover, they will generally be in a
Explaining Interethnic Cooperation
Though both journalists and the academic literature on ethnic conflict give the opposite impression, peaceful and even cooperative relations between ethnic groups are far more common than is
Trust : making and breaking cooperative relations
Part 1 Trust considered: formal structures and social reality, Bernard Williams the biological evolution of co-operation and trust, Patrick Bateson individuals, interpersonal relations and trust,
Trust and Strategic Rationality
The extent to which trust prevails can be measured by the subjective probability with which an agent expects another one to act in desired ways. An agent's trust in other agents forms during repeated
...
1
2
3
4
5
...