Challenges in imaging and predictive modeling of rhizosphere processes
The artifacts in tomographic reconstructions from truncated sets of projections are analyzed. The shift-variant impulse response of the tomographic system for parallel-beam geometry is derived. A number of propositions are made describing the observed artifacts. A graphical scheme for the prediction of the location and shape of the truncation artifacts is presented and applied to reconstructions from simulated projections. The artifact analysis is applied to images obtained with the commonly used convolution backprojection reconstruction algorithms, and it is extended to reconstructions from fan-beam projections. The analysis is performed for the continuous imaging domain so as to separate the clipping artifacts clearly from those attributed to the digital implementation of the reconstruction algorithms.