The truncal valve regurgitation that frequently arises in patients with truncus arteriosus accounts for increased operative and late mortality. Five patients underwent truncal valve repair at UCLA Medical Center between August 1990 and September 1991. This group consisted of 2 infants who underwent complete repair and 3 who underwent valve repair together with right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit replacement. The techniques used for repair were individualized according to the specific valve morphology, and consisted of the suturing of partially developed commissures, suspension of the cusps, resection of redundant portions of the cusps, annuloplasty at the commissures, and resection of excrescences on the surface of valve leaflets. In 1 infant who had a severely dysplastic truncal valve, stenosis and regurgitation recurred and progressed, and he died 4 months after truncal valve replacement. The remaining 4 patients, who were followed for from 8 to 21 months after repair, are in New York Heart Association class I, and have minimal or no aortic regurgitation. Except in patients with severely deformed and dysplastic valves, truncal valve repair can be an attractive and successful alternative to valve replacement.