Trouble in Store: Probes, Protests, and Store Openings by Wal‐Mart, 1998–20071

@article{Ingram2010TroubleIS,
  title={Trouble in Store: Probes, Protests, and Store Openings by Wal‐Mart, 1998–20071},
  author={P. Ingram and L. Yue and H. Rao},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={2010},
  volume={116},
  pages={53 - 92}
}
The authors consider how uncertainty over protest occurrence shapes the strategic interaction between companies and activists. Analyzing Wal‐Mart, the authors find support for their theory that companies respond to this uncertainty through a “test for protest” approach. In Wal‐Mart’s case, this consists of low‐cost probes in the form of new store proposals. They then withdraw if they face protests, especially when those protests signal future problems. Wal‐Mart is more likely to open stores… Expand
147 Citations
Information Spillovers from Protests against Corporations
  • 40
  • PDF
Activists, categories, and markets: Racial diversity and protests against Walmart store openings in America
  • 8
  • PDF
Protest Campaigns and Movement Success
  • 25
  • PDF
Laws of Attraction
  • 45
  • PDF
Safety Nets? Geographic Proximity, Social Ties and the Funding of Contentious Innovation
  • Highly Influenced
  • PDF
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES
Wall Street vs. Main Street: What are the Benefits and Costs of Wal-Mart to Local Communities?
  • 18
  • PDF
Store Wars: The Enactment and Repeal of Anti‐Chain‐Store Legislation in America1
  • 166
  • PDF
The Diffusion of Wal-Mart and Economies of Density
  • 413
  • Highly Influential
  • PDF
The sequencing of social movements
  • 360
  • PDF
...
1
2
3
4
5
...